The Open Public Health Journal

ISSN: 1874-9445 ― Volume 14, 2021

Evaluation of Family Caregiver Burden among COVID-19 Patients

Abasat Mirzaei1, 2, *, Rasoul Raesi3, 4, Sam Saghari4, Mehdi Raei5
1 Department of Health Care Management,Faculty of Health, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Health Economic Policy Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 22 Bahman Khaf Hospital, Mashhad University of MedicalSciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Department of Health Services Management, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
5 Health Research Center, Life Style Institute,Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses from the Coronaviridae family. Not only do the coronaviruses disrupt patients' lives, but they also affect caregivers. This study aimed to assess the burden of family caregivers of COVID-19 patients discharged from a hospital in eastern Iran.

Materials and Methods:

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 210 family caregivers of COVID-19 inpatients and outpatients. A total of 210 COVID-19 patients referred to 22nd-Bahman Hospital of Khaf from March 2020 to June 2020 were selected via simple randomization. Data were collected using the Zarit caregiver burden scale and a demographics form.


The care burden scores were 83.2% and 80.9% in the family caregivers of inpatients and outpatients, respectively, indicating the severity of care burden for COVID-19 patients. The mean scores of objective, subjective, and subjective-objective caregiver burden were significantly higher in male family caregivers and caregivers of inpatients than in female caregivers and caregivers of outpatients [p <0.01].


The high objective, subjective, and subjective-objective caregiver burden in family caregivers is an alarm for mental health policy-makers. Therefore, healthcare managers need to consider plans and measures to reduce the care burden of family caregivers of COVID-19 patients.

Keywords: Care burden, Family caregivers, Patient, COVID-19, Health care, Policy makers.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 13
First Page: 808
Last Page: 814
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-13-808
DOI: 10.2174/1874944502013010808

Article History:

Received Date: 29/7/2020
Revision Received Date: 14/12/2020
Acceptance Date: 23/12/2020
Electronic publication date: 31/12/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Mirzaei et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Health Economic Policy Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; E-mail:

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