Plants as a source of bioactive chemicals have been known since very long time, and thus it is a rational strategy to develop
phytochemical studies on the Indonesian plants and tested the isolated chemicals on a various biological systems. Since 1999, the
author, as a part the Group of Natural Products Chemistry, Institut Teknologi Bandung, has actively wotk on a number of
Indonesian plant families, including Lauraceae, Moraceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Zingiberaceae, and Euphorbiaceae, aiming to find
new biologically active chemicals from nature. In this presentation, studies on Macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae) will be
presented, hightlighting the results from six species of the genus, namely M. gigantea, M. lowii, M. pruinosa, M. recurvata, M.
rhizinoides, and M. trichocarpa. Samples of the plants to be extracted were the leaves, and extraction was done either with acetone
or methanol. Fractionation was carried out by vacuum liquid chromatography eluted by a gradient solvent system of n-hexane-
EtOAc. Purification of the metabolites was done mainly with radial chromatography eluted with various solvent systems. Twenty
seven flavonoid and stibene derivatives were isolated and identified, seventeen of which were new compounds. These compounds
are substituted with isoprenyl, geranyl, farnesyl, and an iregular sesquiterpenyl group with a cyclobutane skeleton. In the
presentation, several selected NMR spectra of the compounds will be described. On biological evaluation against murine leukemia
P-388 cells by MTT assay these compounds showed varying cytotoxicities, with the highest active compounds was an
isoprenylated dihydroflavanone isolated from M. recurvata. In conclusion, Macaranga is a unique source of flavonoid and stilbene
derivatives, some of them have potential for biological activities. Keeping that Indonesia is one of the center of Macaranga’s
diversity, pytochemical and biological research on this plant should be continued.