Several studies recommended that plants are potential source of bioactive compounds. Phyllanthus niruri is one of plants,
which used as a traditional medicine due its richness of phytomedicine metabolites. Identifying the appropriate solvent of
extracting these bioactive components from Phyllanthus niruri is thus a crucial step to increase its significance and competence.
The influence of drying on its quality and productivity was also evaluated. Three extracting solvents (ethanol, methanol, water)
with different ratio were assessed for their effects on biological activities of P. niruri which are dried with three drying methods
(air, oven and freeze). The antioxidant activity was evaluated using free radical scavenging ability (DPPH), FRAP and total
phenolic content (TPC) assays and antidiabetic by α-glucosidase assay. The selectivity of solvents was also evaluated in terms
of the phytochemical compounds present and their concentrations based on quantifying them by LCMS. As function to solvent
and drying methods, freeze dried, P. niruri extracted with 80% methanol and water exhibited valuable and higher antioxidant
and antidiabetic activities. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed the relationship among the potential antioxidant
activity, total phenolic, α-glucosidase and metabolites levels of the extracts. The present study proposes that P. niruri can be a
prominent and constructive medicinal plant.