Universidad Central de Venezuela. Instituto de Zoología y Ecología Tropical. Laboratorio de Estudios Ambientales, Apdo. 47058, Caracas 1041A, Venezuela
In natural conditions, tropical plants are adapted to different ecological niches that can be associated to soil microorganisms which play a key role in nutrient cycling like Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) and/or nitrogen fixing rhizobia.
We report a survey of the presence in a Trachypogon savanna located at Estación Experimental La Iguana (EELI) in Central Venezuela, of some beneficial plant-microorganism associations. In this savanna, plants present a high AM symbiosis affinity. The high mycorrhization and the presence of potential PSB suggest a synergic effect in plant P-uptake.
After screening the rhizospheres of 25 plant species from the zone, we could isolate a high proportion of potential PSB in relation to the total bacteria number from the rhizospheres of Centrosema venosum and Galactia jussiaeana.
Therefore, the presence of potential PSB in the rhizosphere of those species constitutes an important finding to discover novel biofertilizers for crop plants.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Universidad Central de Venezuela. Instituto de Zoología y Ecología Tropical. Laboratorio de Estudios Ambientales, Apdo. 47058, Caracas 1041A, Venezuela, Tel: 50-212-6051394; E-mail: email@example.com