The stop-signal task (SST) and anti-saccade tasks are both widely used to explore cognitive inhibitory control.
Our previous work on a manual SST showed that subjects’ readiness to respond to the go signal and the extent to which
subjects monitor their errors need to be considered in order to attribute impaired performance to deficits in response inhibition.
Here we examine whether these same task-related variables similarly influence oculomotor SST and anti-saccade
performance. Thirty-six and sixty healthy, adult subjects participated in an oculomotor SST and anti-saccade task, respectively,
in which the fore-period (FP) of imperative stimulus varied randomly from trial to trial. We computed a FP effect
to index response readiness to the imperative stimulus and a post-error slowing (PES) effect to index error monitoring.
Contrary to what we had anticipated, other than a weak but negative association between the FP effect and anti-saccade
errors, these behavioral variables did not correlate with SST or anti-saccade performance.