The Open Psychology Journal




ISSN: 1874-3501 ― Volume 12, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Role of Phenotypic Personality Traits as Dimensions of Decision-making Styles



Osman Gulseven1, *, Jacques Mostert2
1 Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
2 South African College of Applied Psychology, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Background:

Each individual has unique personality traits which affect decision-making process. Those traits are defined as cautiousness, openness to experience, decision difficulty, agency, emotion neutrality, goal orientation, intuitive awareness, plan orientation, pro-activity, and rationality.

Objective:

The study aimed to show how established personality traits as dimensions of decision-making can be used to classify four distinct decision-making styles. The personality styles are defined as avoidant, designer, flexible, and auditor styles.

Methods:

A global survey was conducted to gather information on individual decision-making styles. Quantitative methods, such as tabular analysis, mean score equivalency test, correlation analysis, discriminant analysis and chi-square test for association have been used.

Results:

We found that there are significant gender differences in personality styles. This is partially due to the differences in emotion-neutrality scores among men and women. Female respondents are more emotional, a finding that is common in educational workers.

Conclusion:

The results reinforce that gender differences in emotions exist. For a socially interactive occupation such as education, being emotional might lead to better communication.

Keywords: Diversity, Decision-making, Emotions, Gender studies, Tabular analysis, Personality traits.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 84
Last Page: 95
Publisher Id: TOPSYJ-12-84
DOI: 10.2174/1874350101912010084

Article History:

Received Date: 08/11/2018
Revision Received Date: 01/02/2019
Acceptance Date: 06/03/2019
Electronic publication date: 28/03/2019
Collection year: 2019

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© 2019 Gulseven and Mostert.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey; E-mail: gulseven@metu.edu.tr


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