Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis to Evaluate Construct Validity of the Indonesian Palatable Eating Motives Scale (I-PEMS)
A.D. Cahyani1, 2, *, A. Iskandarsyah1, S. Cahyadi1, W. Srisayekti1
1 Universitas Padjadjaran, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia
2 Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta Barat 11530, Indonesia
The purpose of this work is to establish the validity of the Indonesian Palatable Eating Motives Scale (I-PEMS) and to describe the characteristics in palatable eating motives among current Indonesian young adults. The Original Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS) was translated into Indonesian and back-translated into English to confirm the conceptual and linguistic equivalence. The scale was administered to emerging adults aged 18-25 years old. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the I-PEMS has an acceptable factor structure. The result provided evidence of four factors of palatable eating motives. No significant difference from the I-PEMS score between males and females. The association was only observed between the scores of Conformity motive and Body Mass Index.
Keywords: Factor analysis, Psychometric, Palatable eating, Motivation, Body mass index, Construct validity.
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
* Address correspondence to this author at the Universitas Padjadjaran, Jawa Barat 45363; Indonesia; Tel: +6281289896886;