1 School of Postgraduate, State University of Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
2 Department of Physical Education, State University of Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
As an instrument that measures thinking processes, the cognitive reflection test still has a number of problems, especially in terms of its validity and reliability.
This research aimed to develop instruments to identify patterns of thinking that meet psychometric requirements.
Methods and Results:
Participants in the research were 727 students from the State University of Surabaya, including 322 (44%) men and 405 (56%) women with a mean age of 19.17 years. The first examination using exploratory factor analysis showed that the scale of thinking patterns, which we later called Intuitive-Reflective Scale (IRS), had a conceptual relations structure consisting of 5 factors with a loading factor of .40 - .80. The five factors explained 52.57% of the total variance and had Cronbach’s Alpha reliability of .71. The second examination using confirmatory factor analysis based on structural equation modeling proved that the IRS had factors structure that was consistent with the results of the first examination and was a significant predictor of academic performance.
Hypothesized factor structure fits with empirical data based on the comparative fit index of .96 and root mean square error of approximation of .07.
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Postgraduate, State University of Surabaya, Indonesia; Tel: 081332539555; E-mail: email@example.com