In this paper I will review some attitudes and perspectives regarding family honor killings, mainly in
the Arab/Bedouin population in Israel, Sinai, and the Middle East in general. What is the difference between sharaf and
'ird? What deviant sexual behavior is considered a capital offense? How widespread is the use of honor killings, and what
alternative sanctions are employed? Under which circumstances are compassion and mercy exercised? What kinds of
solutions exist for such cases? The research also analyzes the conflicts that exist between custom and state law vis-a-vis
family honor killings, and examines how court systems in Israel and elsewhere relate to murders committed to save family
honor. The research illuminates the role of sheiks and the police in defusing tensions and saving lives, and explores how
Arab leaders in Israel view and address honor killings.