Is Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome A Postmenopausal Disorder?
Ahmed S. BaHammam1, 2, *, Aljohara S. Almeneessier1, 2, 3
1 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Prince Naif Health Research Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Previous studies have assessed the role of gender and menopause in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). It is well known that menopause is a major risk factor for OSA. However, analogous studies on obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are limited. Recent studies have suggested that OHS is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Moreover, women with OHS seem to have excess comorbidities, including hypothyroidism, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, compared to men. In the present perspective, we discuss recent data on the prevalence and comorbidities associated with OHS in women, as well as the use of noninvasive ventilation in women with OHS, and try to answer the question, “Is OHS a disorder of postmenopausal women?”
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* Address correspondence to this author at Prince Naif Health Research Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966114679179; Fax: +966114679495; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org