Numerical Study of Non-Newtonian Blood Behavior in the Abdominal Aortic Bifurcation of a Patient-Specific at Rest
Carlos Oliveira1, Armando A. Soares1, 2, *, André Simões3, Sílvia Gonzaga2, Abel Rouboa1, 2, 4
1 ECT/UTAD – School of Science and Technology, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real,Portugal.
2 INEGI-Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Porto, Portugal.
3 Hospital Centre Lisboa Norte, Hospital de Santa Maria e Hospital Pulido Valente, Lisbon, Portugal.
4 MEAM-Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
The interaction of blood flow with walls of blood vessels is central for the development and maintenance of cardiovascular health. The analysis of wall shear stress is, therefore, fundamental in hemodynamic studies.
The aim of this work is to study numerically the influence of the shear thinning blood properties on the hemodynamics in the abdominal aortic bifurcation for a patient-specific at rest.
Were tested two models for the blood dynamic viscosity, one Newtonian and other non-Newtonian, with dependence on hematocrit and total protein minus albumin.
Results and Conclusion:
The results show the shear thinning behavior influence on the velocity distribution and wall shear stress. Furthermore, wall shear stress values are globally lower for non-Newtonian blood model at high velocity values than those for the Newtonian blood model. However, for low velocity values this behavior is inverted.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the ECT/UTAD, School of Science and Technology, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal; INEGI-Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Porto, Portugal; ECT/UTAD, Quinta de Prados, Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal, Tel: +351 259 350 334; Fax: +351 259 350 356; E-mail: email@example.com