1 Computer Science Department, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel
The Trolley problem is a very well-known ethics dilemma about actively killing one or sometimes even more persons in order to
save a number of persons. The problem can occur in autonomous vehicles when the vehicle realizes that there is no way to prevent a
collision, the computer of the vehicle should analyze which collision is considered to be the least harmful collision.
Method and Result:
In this paper, we suggest a method to evaluate the likely harmfulness of each sort of collision using Spatial Data Structures and
Bounding Volumes and accordingly to decide which course of actions would be the less harmful and therefore should be chosen by
the autonomous vehicle.
The aim of this paper is to emphasize that the “Trolley Problem” occurs when the human
driver is replaced by a robot and if a moral answer is given by an authoritative and legitimate board of experts, it can be
coded in autonomous vehicle software.
Keywords: Autonomous Vehicles, Car Accidents, Embedded Real-Time Systems, Trolley Problem, Spatial Data Structures, Bounding Volumes.
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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