Elnur Adilova1, Olga Aimaganbetova1, *, Laura Kassymova2, Zuhra Sadvakassova3, Madina Ryskulova4, Tolkyn Sagnayeva5
1 Department of general and applied Psychology, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
2 Centre for Cross Cultural Research, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
3 Department of general and applied Psychology, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
4 Department of Psychology, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
5 Department of Psychology, Turan University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Background & Objective:
Values are a good indicator for tracking the progress of social and individual changes as a result of historical, social and personal events. Therefore, it is important to explore the values of modern Kazakhstanis and determine the dialectical relationship of integrity, stability and dynamics in the invariance of the system of value orientations during socio-economic, political, religious, aesthetic and cultural-historical changes in post-Soviet society. Comprehending the problem of transformation and transmission of values will allow us to consider the underlying psychological processes influencing the formation of personal values. This study was aimed at researching the value orientations of modern Kazakhstanis of the post-Soviet period in the context of gender and age factors.
The study involved 305 respondents, of which 192 women and 113 men, 202 respondents aged 18 to 25 years, 103 respondents from 50 to 65 years old. For the study of value orientations, the “Modified Questionnaire of Values” (PVQ-R) by S. Schwartz was used.
In the system of value orientations of Kazakhstanis, an internal conflict can be traced between personal and social focus, between self-determination and self-affirmation. Two generations are differentiated by following values: the value of Achievement, Social complexity and Control of fate. The two sexes are differentiated by such values as Social cynicism, Control of fate, Stimulation, Personal Security, Modesty, Universalism-Tolerance, Benevolence-Care and Benevolence-Sense of duty.
Despite the late deep transformations of Kazakhstani society, the value orientations of modern Kazakhstanis tend to preserve the basic value component, which is a mechanism for transferring the stable elements of the value system of a highly collective culture from generation to generation. The value orientations of Kazakhstani people of both young and older generations are realized through mechanisms of growth and development, self-defense.
Keywords: Values, Value orientations, Transformation, Post-Soviet society, Modern Kazakhstani youth, Age, Gender characteristics.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of general and applied Psychology, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan; E-mail: email@example.com