Table 5: Studies reporting outcomes of nipple reconstructions by means of alloplastic implants and traditional flaps.

Allograft employed + local flap Authors N° Patients Grafts size Projection (mm) Follow-up (months) Final projection (mm) Projection loss (%) Satisfaction rate (%)
AlloDerm + C-V flap Nahabedian et al. [51]
Chen et al. [52]
8
11
1 x 2 cm
N/A
7-8
NA/A
6-12
7
4-5
N/A
50%
N/A
N/A
N/A
AlloDerm + star flap Garramone & Lam53 14 with implant-based reconstruction
16 following TRAM-based reconstruction
1.5 x 4.5 cm

1.5 x 4.5 cm
1.2

1.15
12

12
0.7

0.5
53

48.8
N/A

N/A
AlloDerm + skate flap Seaman et al. [54] 12 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
SurgiMend + arrow flap Bramhall et al. [55] 13 3 x 1 cm + 1 x 1 cm 10.7 12 5.2 51.4 N/A
SurgiMend + skate flap Craft & May [56] N/A 50 x 50 x 0.2 mm 8 7 6 25 N/A
Lyophilized costal cartilage + modified top hat flap Kim & Lee [57] 17 N/A N/A 12 N/A 57.7 N/A
Extracellular matrix collagen + skate flap Tierney et al. [58] 83 0.7-1 x 1-1.5 cm 6-7 6 3-5 30-50 N/A

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