Table 1: Socio-demographic characteristics and its associated risks with opportunistic pathogens in HIV infected patients.

- Cyclospora spp Cryptosporidium spp - Microsporidium spp -
Pos (%) Neg (%) X2 Pos (%) Neg (%) X2 Pos (%) Neg (%) X2
Gender
Male 6 (42.9) 8 (57.1) 8 (57.1) 6 (42.9) 4 (28.6) 10(71.4)
Female 10(27.8) 26(72.2) 1.053NS 15(41.7) 21(58.3) 0.972 NS 4 (11.1) 32(88.9) 2.286 NS
Age (years)
0-9 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0) 0 (0.0) 4(100.0)
10-19 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 0 (0.0) 1(100.0)
20-29 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0) 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0) 0 (0.0) 5(100.0)
30-39 3 (25.0) 9 (75.0) 6 (50.0) 6 (50.0) 1 (8.3) 11(91.7)
40-49 8 (44.4) 10(55.6) 8 (44.4) 10(55.6) 5 (27.8) 13(72.2)
50-59 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 3 (50.0) 3 (50.0) 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7)
>60 0 (0.0) 4(100.0) 4.836 NS 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) 3.726 NS 0 (0.0) 4(100.0) 6.391 NS
Occupation
Civil servant 1(100.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 0 (0.0) 1(100.0)
Trader 5(31.2) 11(68.8) 6 (37.5) 10(62.5) 3 (18.7) 13(81.3)
Farmer 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0)
Artisan 4 (50.0) 4 (50.0) 4 (50.0) 4 (50.0) 2 (25.0) 6 (75.0)
Unemployed 2 (11.8) 15(88.2) 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1) 1 (5.9) 16(94.1)
Student 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 8.323 NS 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 2.287 NS 0 (0.0%) 3(100.0) 4.772 NS
Residence
Within
Cape Coast
11(32.4) 23(67.6) 18(52.9) 16(47.1) 6 (17.6) 28(82.4)
Outside Cape Coast 5(31.3) 11(68.7) 0.006 NS 5 (31.3) 11(68.7) 2.061 NS 2 (12.5) 14(87.5) 0.214 NS

NS significant (p>0.05); * Significant (p<0.05); ** Significant (p<0.01); *** Significant (p<0.001)

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