Table 2: Behavioral risk factors and its association with opportunistic pathogens in HIV infected patients.

- Cyclospora spp Cryptosporidium spp Microsporidium spp
- Pos (%) Neg (%) X2 Pos (%) Neg (%) X2 Pos (%) Neg (%) X2
Drinking water
Pipe borne water 13(61.9) 8(38.1) 16(76.2) 5(23.8) 6(28.6) 15(71.4)
Sachet water 3(10.7) 25(89.3) 7(25.0) 21(75.0) 2 (7.1) 26(92.9)
Bore hole water 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 14.931*** 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 13.528*** 0 (0.0) 1(100.0) 4.294 NS
Hand washing
Always 9(31.0) 20(69.0) 14(48.3) 15(51.7) 4(13.8) 25(86.2)
Sometimes 3(25.0) 9(75.0) 6(50.0) 6(50.0) 0 (0.0) 12(100.0)
Never/rarely 4 (44.4) 5(55.6) 0.923 NS 3(33.3) 6(66.7) 0.719 NS 4(44.4) 5 (55.6) 7.809*
Toilet facility
Water closet (personal) 4 (36.4) 7 (63.6) 6 (54.5) 5 (45.5) 2 (18.2) 9 (81.8)
Public toilet 11 (34.4%) 21 (65.6%) 14 (43.75%) 18 (56.25%) 6 (18.75%) 26 (81.25%)
Household toilet 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0)
Open defecation 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0) 12.463** 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 2.487 NS 0 (0.0) 5 (100.0) 1.552 NS
Fruit washing
Always 7 (35.0) 13 (65.0) 11 (55.0) 9 (45.0) 5 (25.0) 15 (75.0)
Sometimes 7 (30.4) 16 (69.6) 10 (43.5) 13 (56.5) 1 (4.3) 22 (95.7)
Never/rarely 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 0.146 NS 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 1.567 NS 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 4.352 NS

NS significant (p>0.05); * Significant (p<0.05); ** Significant (p<0.01); *** Significant (p<0.001)

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