Table 5: Multivariate-adjusted odds to test the strength of association between behavioral risk factors and protozoan pathogens among HIV infected individuals.

- Cyclospora spp Cryptosporidium spp Microsporidium spp
OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Drinking water
Pipe borne water 1.00¶ (referent) 1.00¶ (referent) 1.00¶ (referent)
Sachet water 0.07 (0.02-0.33) <0.001 0.10 (0.03-0.39) <0.001 1.30 (0.27-6.20) 0.738
Bore hole water 0.02 (0.01-5.77) 0.356 0.11 (0.00-3.14) 0.198 1.76 (0.06-52.71) 0.744
Hand washing
Always 1.00£ (referent) 1.00£ (referent) 1.00£ (referent)
Sometimes 0.74 (0.16-3.40) 0.700 1.07 (0.28-4.12) 0.920 4.41 (0.22-88.54) 0.332
Never/rarely 1.78 (0.38-8.23) 0.462 0.54 (0.11-2.56) 0.435 20.45 (0.93-449.12) 0.050
Toilet facility
Water closet (personal) 1.00λ (referent) 1.00λ (referent) 1.00λ (referent)
Public toilet 0.92 (0.22-3.83) 0.905 0.17 (0.01-4.33) 0.283 0.76 (0.03-21.46) 0.872
Household toilet 0.33 (0.01-8.63) 0.508 0.65 (0.16-2.57) 0.537 1.04 (0.18-6.10) 0.967
Open defecation 0.44 (0.04-5.40) 0.512 1.25 (0.15-10.70) 0.839 6.75 (0.64-71.18) 0.112
Fruit washing
Always 1.00ψ (referent) 1.00ψ (referent) 1.00ψ (referent)
Sometimes 0.81 (0.23-2.92) 0.750 0.63 (0.19-2.10) 0.452 0.60 (0.12-3.08) 0.540
Never/rarely 0.74 (0.11-4.87) 0.757 0.33 (0.05-2.11) 0.240 0.67 (0.06-7.23) 0.739

¶ Adjusted variables other than source of drinking water ψ Adjusted variables other than fruit washing λ Adjusted variables other than toilet facility £ Adjusted variables other than hand washing

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