Table 2: Frequency of metabolic and cardiovascular comorbidities observed by age group and sex.

Comorbidities Total Men Women p value < 50 years ≥ 50 years p value
(n=223) (n=82) (n=194) (n=111)
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 157 (51.5) 111 (49.8) 46 (56.1) 0.197 89 (45.9) 68 (61.3) 0.006
Obesity, n (%) 34 (11.1) 25 (11.2) 9 (11.0) 0.568 22 (11.3) 12 (10.8) 0.524
Excess weight, n (%) 127 (41.6) 99 (44.4) 28 (34.1) 0.068 76 (39.2) 51 (45.9) 0.150
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 22 (7.2) 15 (6.7) 7 (8.5) 0.373 4 (2.0) 18 (16.2) < 0.001
Hypertension, n (%) 27 (8.9) 21 (9.4) 6 (7.3) 0.375 6 (3.1) 21 (18.9) < 0.001
Cardiovascular diseases, n (%) 10 (3.3) 6 (2.7) 4 (4.9) 0.267 4 (2.1) 6 (5.4) 0.108
Impairment of renal function, n (%) 19 (6.2) 10 (4.5) 9 (10.9) 0.039 3 (1.5) 16 (14.4) <0.001

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