Table 1: Linkage to care among persons aged ≥13 years with HIV diagnosed during 2012-2015, by selected characteristics -- 17 US jurisdictionsa

Characteristic Total Linked to careb for persons diagnosed in the year   Trends from 2012 - 2015
2012 2013 2014 2015 EAPC 95% CI P-value
(N=20,876) (N=19,887) (N=20,467) (N=19,944)
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) Lower Upper
Sex                          
      Male 66,312 13,464 79.6 13,150 81.0 13,822 82.5 13,693 83.5 1.6 0.9 2.4 <.001
      Female 14,862 3,206 81.1 3,047 83.3 3,137 84.5 3,002 84.8 1.5 -0.1 3.1 0.068
Race/Ethnicity                          
      Black/African American 33,116 6,499 75.8 6,398 78.2 6,686 80.5 6,506 80.8 2.2 1.1 3.3 <.001
      Hispanic/Latino 22,751 4,577 80.1 4,511 82.6 4,807 82.5 4,802 83.6 1.3 0.0 2.6 0.055
      White 19,825 4,408 85.7 4,154 85.7 4,285 86.3 4,280 87.9 0.8 -0.5 2.2 0.228
      Other 5,482 1,186 81.9 1,134 81.6 1,181 86.3 1,107 86.7 2.3 -0.3 5.0 0.087
Age group at diagnosis                          
      13-24 18,434 3,504 74.3 3,484 77.8 3,711 78.4 3,710 82.3 3.2 1.7 4.7 <.001
      25-34 26,026 5,056 79.4 5,012 80.2 5,474 82.4 5,556 82.2 1.3 0.1 2.5 0.039
      35-44 16,418 3,510 80.7 3,371 83.7 3,525 84.5 3,286 84.9 1.7 0.2 3.2 0.031
      45-54 13,057 3,045 84.3 2,759 84.7 2,683 86.1 2,642 86.1 0.8 -0.9 2.5 0.345
      55+ 7,239 1,555 84.9 1,571 83.8 1,566 87.0 1,501 86.6 1 -1.3 3.2 0.406
Stage at diagnosis                          
      HIV infection stage 3(AIDS) 18,072 4,805 98.6 4,471 98.8 4,429 99.1 4,177 99.4 0.3 -1.0 1.6 0.693
      Not known to be HIV infection stage 3 63,102 11,865 74.1 11,726 76.3 12,530 78.3 12,518 79.5 2.4 1.6 3.2 <.001
Transmission Categoryc                          
      Male-to-male sexual contact 55,276 11,138 79.7 10,904 81.2 11,677 82.7 11,490 83.5 1.6 0.7 2.4 <.001
      Injection drug use 5,010 1,054 77.4 934 77.2 904 79.9 1,046 80.1 1.3 -1.4 4.1 0.341
      Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug Use 2,646 596 81.1 533 79.4 530 82.2 504 84.7 1.6 -2.2 5.5 0.422
      Heterosexual contactd 18,068 3,842 80.7 3,787 83.4 3,821 84.5 3,622 85.3 1.8 0.4 3.3 0.014
      Othere 174 40 78.5 39 83.9 27 69.0 33 84.8 0.5 -13.4 16.5 0.952
Total 81,174 16,670 79.9 16,197 81.4 16,959 82.9 16,695 83.7 1.6 0.9 2.3 <.001

Abbreviations: HIV= Human Immunodeficiency Virus, EAPC=Estimated Annual Percent Change. Note: The denominator for each characteristic for each year are not presented. aJurisdictions include California, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, and West Virginia. bDefined as one or more CD4+ T-lymphocyte or viral load test within 1 month after HIV diagnosis. cData statistically adjusted to account for missing transmission categories. dHeterosexual contact with a person known to have, or to be at high risk for, HIV infection. eIncludes hemophilia, blood transfusion, perinatal exposure and risk factor not reported or not identified.

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