Table 3: Maximum effects of a high-level blast load (BLAST-150) on the examined CW modular unit with VE devices. (*): failure of the VE layer. (**): fundamental period of the undamaged CW unit.

Device # σg,max
[MPa]
Cracking
[Y/N]
σm,max / Yielding
[MPa] / [Y/N]
τjoint,max
[MPa]
Vd,max
[kN]
umax / H
[-]
sd,max / hd TFE **
[s]
M01 85.0 Y 209.7 / Y 0.0232 54.4 0.03015 - 0.0511
VE-01 58.9 N 194.7 / N 0.0124 33.9 0.0131 2.057 0.0874
VE-02 50.2 N 151.2 / N 0.0079 26.1 0.0105 2.927* 0.1142
VE-03 39.3 N 86.65 / N 0.0029 13.56 0.0042 4.518* 0.2141

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