Table 5: Differences between in vivo and in vitro models. Torque values are expressed in Ncm.

Model At baseline (T1) p value Over time (T2-T1 %) p value
In vivo 16.00 (20.00 - 11.00) 0.521 40.84% ± 14.67 0.313
In vitro 12.50 (18.75 - 10.00) 35.97% ± 18.65
Group 1 In vivo 20.00 (22.00 - 17.00) 0.765 41.86% ±12.48 0.001
In vitro 17.00 (25.75 - 12.00) 22.24% ± 11.78
Group 2 In vivo 11.00 (14.50 - 7.50) 0.977 39.74% ± 17.12 0.139
In vitro 10.50 (14.00 - 8.50) 49.71% ±13.28

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