Table 2: Characteristics of the reviewed papers.

Study Sample Size Study Design Age Sex
[35] 216 119 patients class I, 62 patients class II division 1, 15 patients class II division 2, 20 patients class III 11.4 ± 1.2 years 96 males, 120 females
[36] 146 122 patients Class I, 26 patients Class II.1, 9 patients Class II.2, 19 Class III; 39 patients with cross-bite and 137 without cross-bite 12.4 ± 2.1 years 65 males and 81 females
[30] 20 10 children with myopic defects
10 children with normal vision
Mean age 9±8 months, between 7 and 13 years
[28] 13 Healthy subjects in habitual dental occlusion and stimulating ANS maintaining rest position Mean age 27.1 ± 6.9 years 5 females, 8 males
[31] 20 10 subjects wearing eyeglasses, 10 without sight defects Mean age 21.5 ± 1.23 years 12 females and 8 males
[27] 20 10 males with polysomnographic diagnoses
of mild OSAS and 10 with AHI less than 5
Mean age of study group 43.62±4.64 years
Mean age of control group 41.78±7.45
20 males
[26] 36 18 females with myogenous TMD
18 matched controls
Mean age 26.5±5.3 years 36 females
[29] 40 20 RDC / TMD patients
20 controls
Less than 30 years 40 females
[32] 40 20 air force pilots 20 civilian pilots Mean age 35.15 ± 8.14 years in air force group
Mean age 34.23 ± 9.13 years in civilian pilots group
40 males
[33] 100 50 symptomatic patients with bilateral TMJ disc displacement
50 asymptomatic patients with normal disc position
Study group: 13 men, 37 women; mean age, 28.84 ± 8.22 years
Control group: 14 men, 36 women; mean age,
29.96 ± 5.04 years
[2] 120 60 presenting mandibular latero-deviation, 60 without functional mandibular laterodeviation From 4 to 11 years (mean age 7
years)
Study group: 36 males, 24 females
Control group: matching gender and age case control.
[34] 36 18 permit holders shooters, 18 controls 36 males
[1] 50 25 TMD patients 25 non-TMD control subjects Average age in TMD group: 31 years Average age in control group: 28 years 50 females

Back to Article