Table 1: Mechanical properties of the materials used in the study.

Mechanical Properties of the Materials
Titanium Grade 4 Titanium Alloy Ti6Al4V Cortical Bone Cancellous Bone Golden Alloy (Abutment Screw) Zirconium Carbite
Density [kg/m3] 4510 4419 1800 1200 15000 6645
Young’s Modulus (E) [Mpa] 105000 108000 9600 (Ex)
9600 (Ey)
17800 (Ez)*
144 (Ex)
99 (Ey)
344 (Ez)*
95000 160670
Tangent Elastic Modulus (G) [Mpa] - - 3097 (Gxy)
3510 (Gyz)
3510 (Gxz)
53 (Gxy)
63 (Gyz)
45 (Gxz)
- -
Poisson’s ratio (ν) 0,37 0,37 0,55 (νxy)
0,3 (νyz)
0,3(νxz)
0,23 (νxy)
0,11 (νyz)
0,13 (νxz)
0,35 0,35
Tensile Yield Strength (σy) [Mpa] 485 830 115 32,4 800 939
Tensile Ultimate Strength (σu) 550 900 133 37,5 855 430
Compressive Yield Strength (σy) [Mpa] 485 830 182 51 700 758
Compressive Ultimate Strength(σu) [Mpa] - - 195 55 - 0,195

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