|Author, Country and Year||Goals||Databases||Keywords||Sample Size||Type of Study||Factors Associated with Atopic Dermatitis|
|Yamaguchi H et al.
|To evaluate if mouth breathing is associated with other types of diseases including atopic dermatitis through a questionnaire aimed at pre-school children in day care centers||PubMed; Google Scholar||Atopic dermatitis; mouth||468 children
Age: 2-6 years old
-59 children with atopic dermatitis;
-46 children with asthma;
-61 children with allergic rhinitis
|Sectional||Daytime and nighttime (during sleep) mouth breathing in children with AD was associated with: history of allergic rhinitis, history of asthma, and family history of atopic dermatitis|
|Javad G et al.
|To verify the colonization of Candida and the specific humoral response against Candida albicans in patients with atopic dermatitis||PubMed||Atopic dermatitis; mouth; oral pathology||- 100 patients with AD
- mean age of 12.1 ± 11.5 years old;
- 50 healthy subjects (control group) with a mean age of 39.9 ± 11.45 years old
|Sectional||There was no statistically significant difference in relation to: Candida colonization in patients with atopic dermatitis and those in the control group; and between the IgM and IgA serum levels of the patients and controls.
Candida was isolated from the oral cavity of 23% of the patients with AD and 6% of the individuals in the healthy group.
|Leibovici V et al.
|To determine the presence of Candida in the following locations: armpit, tongue and groin of patients with psoriasis and compared to patients with atopic dermatitis and normal controls.||PubMed||Atopic dermatitis; mouth; dental disorders||- 100 adult patients with psoriasis aged from 18 to 84 years old;
- 100 adult patients with AD aged from 18 to 83 years old;
- 100 normal controls aged from 18 to 80 years old
|Sectional||Low prevalence of Candida on the tongue of patients with atopic dermatitis (18%) compared to patients with psoriasis (32%) and normal controls (21%).|
|Igawa K, Nishioka K, Yokozeki H
|To verify if a odontogenic focal infection is an aggravating factor in atopic dermatitis||PubMed||Atopic dermatitis, mouth; dental disorders||- 43 adolescent and adult patients aged from 13 to 62 years old and with chronic AD||Cohort||Patients with AD and an odontogenic focal infection had a greater improvement after 3 months of dental treatment compared to patients who did not have odontogenic focal infection but who received dental treatment.|
|Mizawa M et al.
|To evaluate salivary cortisol levels in patients with atopic dermatitis and to compare them with a healthy control group||PubMed||Atopic dermatitis||- 30 patients with AD aged from 15 to 62 years old;
- 42 systematically healthy individuals aged from 31 to 54 years old
|Sectional||The salivary cortisol levels of patients with atopic dermatitis were significantly higher than those of the control group|
|Verify the possible correlation between atopic dermatitis and oral manifestations in pediatric patients;||PubMed||Atopic dermatitis; caries||300 children
(from 2 to 17 years old)
- 90 children (30%) with AD;
-210 children without AD
|Sectional||Children with AD
- medical history of spoil habit (76%);
- presence of dental caries (56%);
- dental malocclusion (64.4%).