Table 3: Personal protective equipment (PPE) and measures.

Hand hygiene      • Alcohol-based hand rubs for the decontamination of hands, e.g. after removing gloves.
          Two WHO recommended formulations (based on 80% ethanol or 75% 2-propanol)
Personal protective measures -
Standard protection
     • Disposable cap
     • Disposable surgical mask
     • Disposable white coat
     • Protective goggles or face shield
     • Disposable latex or nitrile gloves
Personal protective measures -
Secondary protection
(Advanced protection) *
     • Disposable doctor cap
     • Disposable surgical mask
     • Protective goggles or face shield
     • Working clothes (white coat) with disposable isolation clothing or surgical clothes outside
     • Disposable latex gloves
Facilities      • Anti-retraction dental handpiece with anti-retractive valves or other anti-reflux characteristics are recommended
     • Consent and charting are done electronically with touchscreen devices to facilitate decontamination
     • Monitors, laptop computers, and dental devices surfaces are covered with plastic wrap to decrease the risk of contamination and to facilitate cleaning
Disinfection of the clinic settings      • Surface disinfection with 0.1% sodiumhypochlorite or 62-71% ethanol
     • Public areas andappliances should also be frequently cleaned and disinfected,including door handles, chairs, and desks
Management of medical waste      • The medical andcommon waste generated by dental therapies in patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV infection are regarded asinfectious medical waste.
Segregation of staff      • Staff is separated to reduce cross- infection between healthcare facilities
     • Staff meetings are suspended

*All staff treating of patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV must be fitted certified N95/FFP3 respiratorsand personal goggles