Table 2: Measured values of linear and angular measurements.

Parameter Sex N Min Max Mean SD Sig
Superior facial third M 130 34.52 60.68 44.42 4.36 *
F 110 39.22 63.95 49.4 5.6
Inferior facial third M 130 55.19 80.56 65.16 4.66 *
F 110 52.88 71.57 61.03 3.6
Inferior facial third M 130 52.25 81.31 64.70 6.36 *
F 110 50.81 73.35 61.1 4
Nasal length M 130 42.77 59.56 50.52 2.84 *
F 110 41.14 56.68 48.32 3.5
Length of upper lip M 130 13.63 25.37 21.42 2.67 *
F 110 15.56 24.71 19.1 2
Inter labial gap M 130 0.06 2.14 0.81 0.40
F 110 0 1.56 0.7 0.4
Length of lower lip M 130 12.54 24.37 18.71 2.26 *
F 110 11.54 18.96 16.2 1.5
Vermilion of upper lip M 130 5.03 10.96 6.12 1.45
F 110 3.88 10.02 6.9 1.2
Vermilion of lower lip M 130 5.46 12.92 8.90 1.60
F 110 6.17 10.87 8.4 1.1
Height of chin M 130 21.65 39.37 27.78 3.38 *
F 110 19.7 31.76 25.4 2.2
Height of nasal tip M 130 7.50 16.12 11.85 1.55
F 110 8.03 14.77 11.05 1.5
Facial depth M 130 81.39 132.34 105.44 9.73
F 110 76.61 118.29 97.6 7.5
Parameter Sex N Min Max Mean SD Sig
Nasal depth M 130 22.43 36.49 27.35 2.86 *
F 110 19.34 29.85 24.7 2.1
Nasal prominence M 130 16.03 31.92 22.19 3.17 *
F 110 15.07 27.91 21.5 2.6
Sub nasal depth M 130 -0.31 18.12 9.44 5.10
F 110 0 16.31 8.1 2.9
Mentolabial depth M 130 -17.25 12.13 -4.31 4.80 *
F 110 -11.54 7.8 -0.7 4.3
Prominence of upper lip M 130 -2.96 19.83 6.58 4.17 *
F 110 0.37 15.84 8.9 3.1
Prominence of lower lip M 130 -7.60 16.95 3.45 3.05 *
F 110 -2.88 11.6 5.4 3.5
Prominence of chin M 130 -14.72 25.49 2.30 5.39 *
F 110 -10.3 10.17 1.1 4.4
Canut’s nasal prominence M 130 5.85 17.43 11.35 2.12
F 110 6.5 13.7 10.4 1.4
Canut’s prominence of upper lip M 130 -1.37 7.54 3.79 1.64
F 110 0.98 6.21 3.7 1.2
Canut’s prominence of lower lip M 130 2.24 9.33 5.47 1.34
F 110 -0.12 7.37 4.2 1.4
Canut’s prominence of pogonion M 130 3.68 11.17 6.84 1.96 *
F 110 2.12 8.14 4.6 1.3
Lower face – face height M 130 48.31 62.65 55.72 2.83
F 110 52.01 62.19 56.9 2.1
Mandible – face height M 130 31.18 44.59 37.66 2.37
F 110 33.89 42.25 38.3 1.5
Mandible – upper face height M 130 45.31 80.48 60.63 6.07
F 110 51.27 73.17 62.1 4.1
Mandible – lower face height M 130 58.95 74.09 67.56 2.51
F 110 61.81 72.35 67.3 2
Intercanthal distance M 130 21.86 44.52 32.35 3.2
F 110 25.69 37.11 31.4 2.5
Pupil midface distance M 130 25.93 36.94 31.47 2.01
F 110 26.16 34.48 29.6 1.6
Nasal base width M 130 23.07 41.82 35.39 3.32 *
F 110 29.27 39.86 33.6 2.1
Mouth width M 130 40.37 61.52 50.17 4.01 *
F 110 39.73 57.1 47.9 3.9
Parameter Sex N Min Max Mean SD Sig
Nasofrontal angle M 130 128.70 157.19 138.2 7.86 *
F 110 128.11 158.93 140.7 5.1
Vertical nasal angle M 130 21.71 114.67 31.92 8.22 *
F 110 23.54 36.26 30.3 2.8
Nasolabial angle M 130 76.96 132.49 107.28 11.96
F 110 92.61 129.73 111.2 7.9
Mentolabial angle M 130 107.7 146.11 129.3 7.23 *
F 110 112.13 160.31 132.2 9.5
Nasal angle M 130 52.3 103.2 79.6 5.1 *
F 110 70.34 94.88 84.7 4.9
Angle of the nasal dorsum M 130 103.35 198.62 183.30 5.5 *
F 110 172.16 191.57 180 4.3
Cervicomental angle M 130 94.06 123.38 100.44 8.3 *
F 110 85.82 113.79 97.2 5.6
Angle of the medium facial third M 130 22.36 40.41 27.01 2.33
F 110 23.56 34.21 28.9 2.4
Angle of the inferior facial third M 130 30.49 43.76 37.44 2.61
F 110 27.96 42.04 35.3 2.6
Angle of the head position M 130 63.50 86.61 72.85 4.04
F 110 65.65 83.47 76 4
Angle of facial convexity M 130 151.13 178.45 165.17 4.51
F 110 156.69 177.01 165.9 4.1
Angle of the total facial convexity M 130 128.47 147.55 137.85 3.95
F 110 128.22 148.1 139.2 4

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