Table 2: Plant extracts containing essential oils with total (100%) in vitro inhibitory activity against the aflatoxin production by Aspergillus species.

Plant Species (Part Used) Aspergillus Species Conditions of the Assay1 Extract Concentration (µg/mL)2 Reference
Ageratum conyzoides (leaf) A. flavus YES broth, 25°C, 5 days 0.1 3 [28]
Chenopodium ambrosioides (leaf) A. flavus SMKY broth, 28°C, 10 days 100 [35]
Cinnamomum tamala (leaf) A. flavus SMKY broth, 27°C, 10 days 0.75 3 [39]
Cuminum cyminum (seed) A. flavus SMKY broth, 27°C, 10 days 0.5 3 [32]
Curcuma longa (leaf) A. flavus YES broth, 27°C, 7 days 5,000 [44]
Lippia alba (leaf) A. flavus SMKY broth, 28°C, 10 days 0.6 3 [38]
Mentha spicata (leaf, stem) A. flavus SMKY broth, 27°C, 7 days 0.9 3 [41]
Ocimum basilicum (leaf) A. parasiticus Palm kernel broth, 28°C, 7 days 50,000 [56]
Origanum majorana (leaf) A. flavus SMKY broth, 27°C, 10 days 2.5 3 [16]
Rosmarinus officinalis (leaf) A. flavus YES broth, 28°C, 7 days 450 [29]
Trachyspermum ammi (fruit) A. flavus SMKY broth, 27°C, 10 days 0.75 3 [45]

1 Culture medium, temperature and time of incubation used in each assay. 2 Values refer to the plant extract concentrations that resulted in total (100%) inhibition of aflatoxin production. 3 Values expressed in µL/mL.

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