Table 3: Fatty acid composition of MGDG, SG and SQDG of dried sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.

Fatty acids MGDG SG SQDG
iso 14:0 0.16 ± 0.02b 0.56 ± 0.03 c 0.05 ± 0.01 a
14:0 1.99 ± 0.06b 4.5 ± 0.6c 0.8 ± 0.2a
14:1n-9 0.35 ± 0.04b 0.46 ± 0.02c 0.24 ± 0.02a
14:1n-7 0.08 ± 0.01a 0.12 ± 0.01b 0.11 ± 0.02b
iso 15:0 0.53 ± 0.04c 0.05 ± 0.01a 0.18 ± 0.03b
anteiso-15:0 0.34 ± 0.03a 0.60 ± 0.02a 0.29 ± 0.02a
15:0 0.60 ± 0.05b 1.3 ± 0.5c 0.18 ± 0.02a
15:1n-8 0.09 ± 0.02a 0.07 ± 0.01a 0.05 ± 0.01a
15:1n-5 0.03 ± 0.01a 0.05 ± 0.01a 0.12 ± 0.02b
iso 16:0 0.29 ± 0.03b 0.41 ± 0.05c 0.23 ± 0.03 a
DMA 16:0 ND ND ND
pristanate 0.09 ± 0.01a 0.10 ± 0.02a 0.07 ± 0.01a
16:0 23.9 ± 0.5c 20.7 ±0.8b 7.8 ± 0.7a
16:1n-9 0.53 ± 0.05a 2.68 ± 0.09b ND
16:1n-7 2.12 ± 0.09c 0.61 ± 0.03b 0.46 ± 0.02a
TME16:0 0.17 ± 0.02a 0.72 ± 0.04c 0.26 ± 0.03b
16:1n-5 ND ND 0.95 ± 0.07a
anteiso 17:0 ND 0.23 ± 0.02 0.18 ± 0.02a
DMA 17:0 ND ND ND
16:2n-4 0.96 ± 0.04c 0.37 ± 0.03a 0.80 ± 0.02b
17:0 1.25 ± 0.05b 0.23 ± 0.02a 1.24 ± 0.06b
16:3n-4 ND 0.27 ± 0.03b 0.08 ± 0.01a
16:3n-3 0.34 ± 0.03a 0.52 ± 0.04b 0.55 ± 0.02b
16:4n-3 0.44 ± 0.0b 0.16 ± 0.03a 0.14 ± 0.03a
anteiso 18:0 ND ND 0.21 ± 0.02a
DMA 18:0 ND ND ND
16:4n-1 ND 0.20 ± 0.04a 0.21 ± 0.3a
18:0 19.04 ± 0.9b 18.8 ± 0.8b 7.2 ± 0.1a
18:1n-9 6.8 ± 0.5a 9.1 ± 0.7b 6.1 ± 0.5a
18:1n-7 1.95 ± 0.06b 0.51 ± 0.04a 5.5 ± 0.7c
18:1n-5 ND ND 0.26 ± 0.04a
18:2n-6 1.02 ± 0.02a 1.04 ± 0.07a 1.18 ± 0.06a
DMA 19:0 ND ND ND
18:2n-4 0.19 ± 0.02b 0.05 ± 0.01a 0.17 ± 0.02b
19:0 0.41 ± 0.03a 0.37 ± 0.03a 0.83 ± 0.04b
19:1n-9 ND 0.06 ± 0.02a 0.05 ± 0.01a
18:3n-3 0.04 ± 0.01a 0.07 ± 0.01a 0.18 ± 0.02b
DMA 20:0 ND ND ND
20:0 1.17 ± 0.04b 0.92 ± 0.03a 1.98 ± 0.03c
20:1n-11 0.96 ± 0.08a ND 2.39 ± 0.06b
20:1n-9 1.09 ± 0.03b 0.18 ± 0.02a 1.36 ± 0.06c
20:1n-7 0.30 ± 0.05b 0.17 ± 0.02a 0.80 ± 0.05c
20:1n-5 0.11 ± 0.02a 0.09 ± 0.01a 0.58 ± 0.03b
20::1NMID ND 0.08 ± 0.01a 0.24 ± 0.02b
20:2n-6 ND 0.37 ± 0.02a 0.87 ± 0.05b
20:3NMIT ND 0.06 ± 0.01a 0.40 ± 0.03b
20:3n-6 0.37 ± 0.03b 0.44 ± 0.03b 0.23 ± 0.02a
21:0 1.84 ± 0.06c 0.37 ± 0.02a 0.67 ± 0.06b
20:4n-6 1.91 ± 0.07b 0.20 ± 0.02a 18.3 ± 1c
21:1n-9 ND 0.15 ± 0.02 a 0.23 ± 0.02b
21:1n-7 ND 1.15 ± 0.06b 0.11 ± 0.01a
20:4n-3 1.91 ± 0.07b 0.28 ± 0.03a ND
20:5n-3 1.44 ± 0.08b 0.06 ± 0.01a 20.3 ± 1c
22:0 3.69 ± 0.09b 5.03 ±0.14c 1.11 ± 0.03a
22:1n-11 0.63 ± 0.03a ND 0.73 ± 0.06a
22:1n-9 5.2 ± 0.2c 0.52 ± 0.06a 1.14 ± 0.05b
22:1n-7 0.94 ± 0.07a 1.2 ± 0.1b 1.50 ± 0.07c
22:1n-5 0.11 ± 0.02a 0.12 ± 0.03a 0.13 ± 0.03a
22:2n-6 0.23 ± 0.03a ND 0.30 ± 0.03a
22:3n-6 ND ND 0.19 ± 0.02a
23:0 2.19 ± 0.08c 1.73 ± 0.04b 0.18 ± 0.03a
23:1n-9 1.65 ± 0.07a 1.58 ± 0.03a 2.86 ± 0.07b
23:1n-7 ND ND 0.10 ± 0.02a
22:5n-6 ND ND 0.12 ± 0.01a
23:5n-3 ND ND ND
23:5n-3 1.83 ± 0.09c 0.35 ± 0.03a 0.51 ± 0.03b
24:0 ND 1.74 ± 0.07b 0.42 ± 0.05a
22:6n-3 7.8 ± 0.2c 3.54 ± 0.09b 2.21 ± 0.08a
24:1n-9 0.25 ± 0.02a 14.21 ± 0.4c 3.4 ± 0.11b
∑ n-9 HUFA 16 ± 1a 29 ± 1b 15 ± 1a
∑ BCFA 1.58 ± 0.08a 2.81 ± 0.07c 2.11 ± 0.04b
∑ SFA 56± 2b 56 ± 2b 22 ± 1a
∑ MUFA 23.15 ± 1.35a 33 ± 1c 29 ± 1b
∑ PUFA 18.5 ± 2b 7.7 ± 0.9a 46.1 ± 2c

Different superscript letters indicate a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). ND, not detected; HUFA, Highly monounsaturated fatty acids; BCFA, Branched-chain fatty acid; SFA, Saturated fatty acid; MUFA, Monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, Polyunsaturated fatty acid; NMID, non-methylene interrupted dienoic fatty acid; NMIT, nonmethylene interrupted trienoic fatty acid.

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