Table 1: Association between the results of PCR assays and blood culture regarding patients factors.

P-Value Blood Culture P-Value PCR Factors
Negative,
N (%)
Positive,
N (%)
Negative,
N (%)
Positive,
N (%)
Age (years)
0.82 3 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0.43 2 (0.8) 1 (0.3) 0-20
12 (4.5) 1 (0.3) 7 (2.7) 6 (2.3) 21-40
58 (21.9) 7 (2.7) 47 (17.7) 17 (6.4) 41-60
114 (43.0) 13 (4.9) 91 (34.3) 37 (14.0) 61-80
51 (19.3) 6 (2.3) 38 (14.3) 19 (7.2) 80-100
Gender
- 98 (36.9) 21 (7.9) - 99 (37.4) 46 (17.4) Male
140 (52.9) 6 (2.3) 86 (32.4) 34 (12.8) Female
Underlying disease
0.004* 37 (14.0) 10 (3.7) 0.1 29 (10.9) 17 (6.4) Diabetes mellitus
19 (7.2) 3 (1.1) 11 (4.1) 10 (3.8) Kidney failure
11 (4.1) 2 (0.8) 8 (3.1) 5 (1.9) Respiratory failure
24 (9.0) 6 (2.3) 18 (6.8) 12 (4.5) Infectious disease
12 (4.5) 2 (0.8) 1 1 (4.1) 3 (1.1) Malignancies
2 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.8) 0 (0.0) Hospitalized infants in NICU
133 (50.2) 4 (1.5) 106 (40.0) 33 (12.5) Without underlying diseases
Prior antibiotic use
0.39 94 (35.4) 16 (6.1) < 0.001* 61 (23.0) 49 (18.5) With prior antibiotic use
144 (54.3) 11 (4.1) 124 (46.8) 31 (11.7) Without prior antibiotic use

* P ≤ 0.05 is significant.

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