Table 1: Demographic Data of Patients

H&Y 1 H&Y 2 H&Y 3+4
N 63 12 20
Females 27 3 11
Males 36 9 9
Age (range) 37 – 78 40 – 71 42 – 76
Age 58 ± 10 56 ± 11 63 ± 8
UPDRS part III 11 ± 2 18 ± 3 30 ± 9

H&Y = Hoehn and Yahr stage (Hoehn Neurology 1967) [27]. No patient was at H&Y stage 5. Due to the case number of patients at H&Y stage 4 (n = 5) we combined the patients at H&Y stage 3 (n = 15) and H&Y stage 4 (n = 5) to one single group. N = number of patients. UPDRS part III = part III (motor part) of the Unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale (UPDRS, Fahn 1987) [28]. Antiparkinsonian medication had been stopped 12 hours before UPDRS scale was rated. Unless otherwise declared, all values are represented as mean ± SD.

Back to Article