Table 1: Non-Antibiotic Effects of Macrolides

Improved endothelial function (azithromycin)
Antioxidant effects (erythromycin, roxithromycin)
Decreased von Willebrand factor levels (azithromycin)
Decreased IL 1, 6 and 8 (azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin, roxithromycin)
Decreased TNF╬▒ (azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin, roxithromycin)
Decreased granulocyte/monocyte colony-stimulating factor (clarithromycin)
Decreased monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (azithromycin)
Decreased E-selectin (azithromycin)
Decreased CRP (roxithromycin)