Table 1: 2010 Affordable Care Act partial definition of terms.

Terms Definitions
Accountable Care Organizations (ACO)s
  • Health care provider groups who give coordinated care, chronic disease management, and improve patient’s quality of care.
  • Payment of services connected to quality goals and outcomes resulting in cost savings.
Medical Home
  • Delivery of primary care inclusive of:
    1. Patients having close contact with clinicians (physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant) for continuing care
    2. Clinicians leading referrals to specialists
    3. Electronic health records
    4. Participation of patient and families
  • Demonstrates philosophy of integration
  • Organization of treatment across several health care providers.
  • Medical homes and ACOs are common ways to coordinate care.
Primary Care
  • Health services covering a range of prevention, wellness, and treatment for common illnesses.
  • Providers include doctors, nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants who maintain long-term relationships with patients and coordinate care with specialists.

Adapted from The Kaiser Foundation Affordable Care Act Summary; 2012 [cited 23 November 2014] Available from: and [6].