Table 1: Differences in variables by general characteristics of participants (N=331).

Characteristics n (%) or
M±SD
Health Promotion Behaviors
M±SD
t or F (p)
Age (yr) <20 103 (31.1) 2.50±0.369 2.15
≥20 228 (68.9) 2.60±0.394 (.033)
20.48±1.82
Gender Male 121 (36.6) 2.66±0.431 -0.26
Female 210 (63.4) 2.52±0.353 (.796)
Grade 1a 96 (29.0) 2.51±0.372 2.71
2 204 (61.6) 2.57±0.380 (.045)
3b 25 (7.6) 2.76±0.499 a<b
4 6 (1.8) 2.60±0.190
Religion No 202 (61.0) 2.65±0.449 -0.43
Yes 129 (39.0) 2.52±0.337 (.666)
Experience of severe illness (one's own) No 298 (90.0) 2.57±0.387 -0.11
Yes 33 (10.0) 2.56±0.410 (.911)
Experience severe illness (significant others) No 177 (53.5) 2.59±0.404 -1.16
Yes 154 (46.5) 2.54±0.370 (.248)

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