Stage Topic Content
Baseline (1st survey upon research registration) Personal information Baseline -Sex, age, marriage, education, religion, employment, contact information
Development of educational program Analysis


System assessment
-Literature review
-Focus group interview
-Expert interview
-Research of currently available colorectal cancer-related websites
-Content selection
-Display arrangement
-Website construction
-Composition of smartphone-based educational content
-Development of program manuals
-Development of evaluation criteria for confirming learning effect
-Program simulation and revision
Expert evaluation
Evaluation on cancer patient application
-Introduction to program, explanation on how to use it, and encouragement for participation via individual interview
Application of educational program Provision of intervention Monitoring -Setting health goals
-Understanding colorectal cancer
• What is colorectal cancer?
• Diagnosis
• Treatment
• Prevention
-Physical care after discharge
• Surgical wound care
• Intestinal fistula care
• Pain care
• Complications care
-Emergency management
• How to handle an emergency
• When to visit the hospital
-General management after discharge
• Dietary management
• Bowel management (diarrhea and constipation)
• Daily activity management (exercise, shower, sitz bath, odor care, and sexual life)
• Fatigue
• Stress management
-Community of colorectal cancer patients
• Experience of colorectal cancer patients
• Experience of caregivers of colorectal cancer patients
-Psychological and affective support through listening to experts and feedback
-Review of learning content, counseling, and encouragement via telephone
Compliance assessment Participation assessment -Assignment of ‘task performance table’ by session and verbal persuasion via telephone counseling and short text messaging
-Assessment on patients’ participation in program and accomplishment of goals
Review (after four weeks) Post-test