Table 3: Characteristics of the Selected Studies Containing the Theories (N = 17).

Year Authors Research Type Participants (n) Caregivers Type Disease Type Theory Independent Variable Outcome Variable
1995 Jeong Quantitative
true experimental
44 Not described brain & spinal cord injuries T-Double-ABCX Model:
Family Stress Theory
Social Support Group Burden,
Quality of life
2000 Hong Quantitative
descriptive survey study
260 Spouse, Son and Daughter, Daughter-in-law, Grandchild, Others Stroke A Conceptual Framework for
Family Caregiver Burden
Quality of relations,
Social support resources,
Well- being,
Caring behavior
Well- being,
Caring behavior
2000 Kim Quantitative
true experimental
86 Spouse, Son and Daughter, Parents, Siblings Stroke Stress-appraisal-coping theory Support Group Intervention Various Adaptations
2004 Park Quantitative
true experimental
16 Spouse, Parents Stroke Stress-appraisal-coping theory
Cognitive-behavior approach model
Support Group Intervention Stress, Coping way of stress, Satisfaction on life program
2004 Kim Quantitative
true experimental
12 Spouse Stroke Rational Emotive
Behavior Therapy: REBT
Group program Quality of life, Rehabilitation motivation
Stress Coping
2006 Yu, and Park Quantitative
descriptive survey study
178 Spouse, Others Stroke Family caregiver stress cope Quality of relation,
2006 Kim Quantitative
descriptive survey study
374 Parents, Spouse, Siblings, Others Mental illness Stress-appraisal-coping theory Social functioning, relationship between a family, Social support
to family caregiver
Caregiving experience, Psychological
2008 Kim, and Yu Quantitative
descriptive survey study
124 Spouse, Son and Daughter, Parents, Siblings Cancer Family caregiver stress cope Quality of relations, Performance status Quality of life
2009 Lee Quantitative
descriptive survey study
303 Spouse, Son and Daughter, Parents, Others Cancer Stress-appraisal-coping theory Social support, Feeling of burden and growth Quality of life
2011 Choi Qualitative
narrative research
4 Daughter-in-law, Spouse, Son and Daughter Cancer Human becoming Not applicable Suffering experience
2012 Yoon Quantitative
quasi experimental
10 Spouse, Parents, Son and Daughter Brain Injury Transition theory Transitional
Nursing Program
Transition stress, anxiety
2013 Hong, and Tae Quantitative
descriptive survey study
206 Spouse, Parents, Son and Daughter, Others Cancer Stress-appraisal-coping theory
Family stress theory
Perceived health status,
Perceived stress,
Burn out
2014 Kim Quantitative
descriptive survey study
405 Spouse, Parents, Son and Daughter, Others Chronic Disease Health Action Process Approach
Health Promotion Model
Demographic factor,
*Family-care factor
**Self-care factor
2014 Choi Quantitative
descriptive survey study
201 Spouse, Parents, Son and Daughter, Others Cancer Posttraumatic Growth Demographic Characteristics,
Care related Characteristics
Posttraumatic Growth
2014 Youn, and Tak Quantitative
descriptive survey study
132 Parents, Spouse, Son and Daughter, Siblings, Others Hemodialysis Ecological System Theory Demographic Characteristics Burden, Social Support, Quality of Life
2015 Oh, and Kim Qualitative granded theory 200 Not described Mental illness Stress-appraisal-coping theory Optimism,
Caregiving self-efficacy,
Severity of illness, Uncertainty
Caregiving Experience
2015 La Quantitative
descriptive survey study
102 Spouse, Son and Daughter, Others multiple myeloma Stress-appraisal-coping theory Stress-appraisal Quality of life

*Family-care factor: caregiving independence level, caregiving time, burden, satisfaction, **Self-care factor: self-care motivation, perceived health action disability, perceived health action usefulness, self-efficient, social support, self-care helper.