Table 4: Application of theories on caregivers in the selected studies (N = 20).

Variables Theorists Year Theories n %
Nursing theories
House, and George 1980 Family caregiver stress cope 2 10.0
Pallett 1990 A Conceptual Framework for Family Caregiver Burden 1 5.0
Parse 1991 Human becoming 1 5.0
Pender 1996 Health Promotion Model 1 5.0
Meleis 2000 Transition theory 1 5.0
Other disciplines Lazarus, and Folkman 1984 Stress-appraisal-coping theory 7 35.0
Hell 1958 Family stress theory 1 5.0
Meichenbaum 1977 Cognitive-behavior approach model 1 5.0
Bronfenbrenner 1979 Ecological System Theory 1 5.0
McCubbin, and McCubbin 1987 T-Double-ABCX Model: Family Stress Theory 1 5.0
Ellis 1998 Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: REBT 1 5.0
Calhoun, and Tedeschi 2004 Post-traumatic growth 1 5.0
Schwarzer 2008 Health Action Process Approach Model 1 5.0

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