Table 1: Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of obese subjects before and after nutritional intervention.

Variable Baseline
n = 48
Final
n = 48
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD t Student p
Weight (kg) 82 ± 11 79 ± 10 7.68 <0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 102 ± 7.5 98 ± 7 5.42 <0.0001
Hip circumference (cm) 112 ± 7 109 ± 7 4.72 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 32.4 ± 2 31 ± 2 7.77 <0.0001
Fat mass (%) 39 ± 7.5 36.5 ± 7 5.07 0.0001
Muscle mass (kg) 47.3 ± 8.5 48.1 ± 8 0.72 0.46
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 110 ± 13 108 ± 10 0.82 0.30
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76 ± 7 75 ± 8 0.45 0.12
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.8± 0.83 4.7 ± 0.83 0.25 0.56
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.43 ± 0.56 4.15 ± 0.87 2.61 0.01
HDL-c(mmol/L) 1.49 ± 0.15 1.47 ± 0.18 1.26 0.28
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.21 ± 0.54 1.96 ± 0.59 3.16 0.002
Triglycerides (mmol/L)* 2.26± 0.78 2.06 ± 0.53 1.92 0.060
LNC-2 (ng/mL) 76 ± 29 89.6 ± 34 -2.53 0.014
hsCRP (mg/L)* 4.0 ± 3.2 3.9 ± 3.2 0.16 0.31
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 9.2 ± 7.9 12 ± 10.2 -2.79 0.007
Insulin (pmol/L)* 61.2 ± 35.4 53.4 ± 31.8 1.34 0.45
HOMA-IR 2.1 ± 1.3 1.9 ± 1.2 0.72 0.27

BMI=Body mass index; HDL-c= High density lipoprotein; LDL-c=Low density lipoprotein; LNC-2= Lipocalin-2; hsCRP=High sensitivity C-reactive protein; HOMA-IR=Homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance. Differences between groups were examined using the paired t test. * = Differences between groups were examined using the Wilcoxon test. *logarithmic transformation.

Back to Article