Table 8: Genetic, morphological, ecological and ethological differences within the roseifrons / parvifrons / peruviana / dilutissima / lucianii group.

Taxon DNA Morphological Ecological* Altitude Call Frequences Maximum
roseifrons I Yes (to roseifrons II and III) Yes (red head, breast colouration) Yes (Ucayali and Southwest Amazon moist forest) < 1800 m 16,3 kHz
roseifrons II Yes (to roseifrons I) Yes (red head, breast colouration) Yes (varzea and moist forest) < 400 m 16,4 kHz
roseifrons III Yes (to roseifrons I) Yes (red head, breast colouration, smaller) Yes (Southwest Amazon moist forest) < 1600 m 16,4 kHz
parvifrons Yes (to lucianii and delutissima) Yes (red to the forehead, long tail) Yes (White sand vegetation) < 900 m
peruviana Yes (to lucianii and delutissima) Yes (broad breast edging, nearly similar to dilutissima) Yes (Napo and Ucayali moist forest) < 1000 m 16,4 kHz
dilutissima Yes (to all without pereneensis) Yes (broad breast edging, nearly similar to peruviana) Yes (Southwest Amazon moist forest) < 1000 m
pereneensis Yes (to all without dilutissima) Yes (broad breast edging, red to the forehead) Yes (Southwest Amazon moist forest) < 1300 m 16,3 kHz
lucianii Yes (to all without orosaensis) Yes (small breast edging, no red to the forehead) Yes (varzea, especially Rio Purus varzea) < 250 m 18,2 kHz
orosaensis Yes (to all without lucianii) Yes (small breast edging, red to the forehead) Yes (Iquitos varzea) < 110 m

* Different habitat types for Brazil based on Fund [35] and for Peru based on Saundry [48]

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