Table 1: Bacterial distribution in the hypochlorous acid group (n=51) and povidone-iodine group (n=59) at different time points.
Bacterial Distribution Before Surgery Before Surgery After HAS Lavage After PVI Lavage At The End of Surgery At The End of Surgery
HAS group PVI group HAS group PVI group
CNS 3 7 9 0 2 0
Staphylococcus aureus 0 0 0 0 0 0
α-Hemolytic Streptococcus 0 0 0 0 1 0
β-Hemolytic Streptococcus 0 2 1 0 0 0
Leuconostoc mesenteroides cremoris 0 1 0 0 0 0
Micrococcus spp. 1 0 0 0 0 0
Kocuria kristinae 1 0 0 0 0 0
Candida albicans 0 1 0 0 0 0
Total positive swabs (confidence intervals) 4 / 7.8%
(3.1–18.5%)
9 / 15.2% (8.2–26.5%) 9 / 17.6%
(9.6–30.2%)
0 / 0.0%*
(0.0–6.1%)
3 / 5.9%*
(2.0–15.9%)
0 / 0.0%
(0.0–6.1%)
Statistical significance P = 0.24 P < 0.01 P < 0.05

Abbreviations: CI - Confidence Interval; CNS - Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci, HAS - Hypochlorous Acid Solution, PVI - Povidone Iodine, * - a significant change from the previous time point.

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