|1. AVOID TIGHT GRASP||• Use a relaxed grip.
• Enlarge handles.
• Place the palm on the jar lid, and using the weight of the body, turn arm at the shoulder to open the jar. A sponge or wet towel under the jar prevents sliding
• Hold the knife or mixing spoon like a dagger, with the handle parallel to knuckles. Cutting is then changed from sawing to pulling
• Don't carry heavy handbags, pails, and bags by the handle.
• Hold everything no tighter than necessary.
• Release tight grasp frequently if you must use it.
• Use built-up handles on writing utensils, pot handles, tools, etc.
• Use adaptive equipment such as jar openers
|2. AVOID PRESSURE ON BACK OF KNUCKLES (MP JOINTS)||• Avoid all pressures against the backs of fingers: this type of pressure contributes to dislocation of the large joints between the palm and the fingers (metacarpal-phalangeal joints).
• This occurs while pushing up from a chair using a closed fist or resting chin on the backs of fingers.
• Use palms while holding fingers straight.
|3. USE BOTH HANDS WHEN POSSIBLE||• Not specified how|
|4. AVOID REPETITIVE HAND ACTIVITIES||• Take breaks
• Change activity, i.e., using screwdriver, crocheting
|5. AVOID PRESSURE TO TIP OR PAD OF THUMB||• The thumb is necessary for 40 percent of hand activities
• Example: opening car doors, ringing doorbells
• To protect thumb joints, open milk containers with heels of the hands rather than thumbs.
|6. AVOID PRESSURE AGAINST THE RADIAL SIDE OF EACH FINGER THUMB SIDE||• Don't rest chin on the side of fingers.
• Add levers to keys, handles, and knobs.
• Hold handles straight across the palm.
|7. AVOID PROLONGED PERIODS OF HOLDING HANDS IN THE SAME POSITION||• Sit if the task takes more than 10 minutes.
• Stand up after sitting for 20-30 minutes.
• Reposition yourself often.