Table 4: Pre and postoperative radiographic measurements of angles relevant for outcomes in hallux valgus.

- Preoperative Postoperative p-value
HVA (°) 31.5±4.9 7.7±4.0 < 0.001
IMA (°) 11.7±1.3 5.5±1.8 < 0.001
HVIA (°) 17.2±2.2 5.8±3.0 < 0.001

Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation
Abbreviations: HVA = Hallux Valgus Angle; IMA = Intermetatarsal Angle; HVIA = Hallux Valgus Interphalangeus Angle

Back to Article