Table 3: Association of Socio demographic factors, Clinical factors, Institutional factors and behavioral factors with health related quality of life of PLWHA on follow up in Jimma University Specialized hospital in ART clinic, southwest Ethiopia, 2014(N= 351).

Independent Variables Alternatives Quality of Life P-values COR [95%C.I] AOR [95%C.I]
Low High COR AOR
Age of respondents ≤ 39 years 83 154 .027 .009 1.670 (1.060 - 2.630) 2.381 (1.238 - 4.579)
≥ 40 years 54 60 1.00 1.00
Sex of respondents Male 32 87 .001 .148 2.248 (1.390 - 3.635) 1.573 (0.852 - 2.904)
Female 105 127 1.00 1.00
Marital Status Single 61 91 .397 .868 0.941 (0.558 - 1.585) 0.914(0.317 - 2.638)
Married 37 62 .277 .932 1.445 (0. 814 - 2.565) 1.049 (0.346 - 3.177)
Divorce 24 45 .199 .035 1.478 (0. 680 - 3.212) 3.453 (1.092 - 6.919)
Widowed 15 16 1.00 1.00
Educational level of respondents No education 28 42 1.00
Primary (1-8 67 79 .415 0.786 (0.441 - 1.402)
Secondary (9-10 39 67 .668 1.145 (0.616 - 2.129)
Post-secondary (10+) 9 20 .403 1.481 (0.590 - 3.720)
Occupation of respondents Currently employed 79 168 .000 .000 3.403(2.112 - 5.482) 3.509 (1.900 - 6.482)
Currently not employed 64 40 1.00 1.00
Average monthly income ≤ 500ETB 111 142 1.00 1.00
501- 1000ETB 18 30 .414 .680 1.303 (0.690 - 2.458) 0.841 (0.369 - 1.918)
≥ 1001ETB 14 36 .040 .493 2.010 (1.033 - 3.910) 0.731(0.298 - 1.794)
CD4 count when ART started < 250 cell/ml 73 100 1.00
≥ 250 cell/ml 70 108 .584 0.888 (0.580 - 1.359)
CD4 count currently < 250 cell/ml 47 26 1.00 1.00
≥ 250 cell/ml 116 162 .001 .004 2.373(1.431 - 3.935) 2.663 (1.363 - 5.203)
WHO stage at start Stage I-II 122 164 .127 .769 1.559(0.881 - 2.757) 0.894 (0.422 - 1.893)
Stage III-IV 21 44 1.00
Current WHO stage of HIV Stage I-II 100 183 .000 .000 3.148(1.816 - 5.455) 4.772 (2.308 - 9.865)
Stage III-IV 43 25 1.00 1.00
General health condition Good 85 162 .001 .003 2.403 (1.506 - 3.836) 2.609 (1.372 - 4.961)
Poor 58 46 1.00 1.00
Discontinuation of OI prophylaxes No 99 134 .349 1.243(0.789 - 1.958)
Yes 44 74 1.00
Compared to last year how they rate your health Better now than a year 101 172 .008 .863 1.987 (1.195 - 3.304) 1.066 (0.514 - 2.212)
Worse now than a year 42 36 1.00 1.00
How long they stayed on treatment < 2 years 46 97 1.00 1.00
≥ 2 years 97 111 .007 .091 1.843 (1.182 - 2.873) 1.677(0.920 - 3.057)
Have any Clinical symptoms for HIV Yes 82 125 1.00
No 61 83 .606 1.120(0.727 - 1.726)
Comorbidity Conditions Yes 85 52 1.00 1.00
No 58 156 .000 .000 4.397 (2.781 - 6.952) 7.737 (4.146 - 4.438)
Self-care status Low 154 81 1.00 1.00
High 38 78 .033 .738 1.658 (1.041 - 2.640) 1.114 (0.591 - 2.100)
Community relation with HIV patients Friendly 98 138 .001 .000 2.953(1.797 - 4.852) 5.395 (2.781 -10.467)
Discrimination 87 28 1.00 1.00
Faced any negative consequence of lack of support Yes 23 62 1.00 1.00
No 120 146 .004 .002 2.216 (1.296 - 3.787) 2.987 (1.498 - 5.956)
Currently with whom they living With another person 129 173 .065 .119 1.864 (0.963 - 3.608) 2.048 (0.831 - 5.047)
Alone 14 35 1.00 1.00
Reminder of drugs Self 106 169 1.00
Other person 37 39 .113 .001 1.513(0.907 - 2.522) 3.363 (1.629 - 6.943)
Drinks alcohols Yes 61 52 1.00 1.00
No 82 156 .001 .037 2.232 (1.414 - 3.523) 1.915 (1.039 - 3.529)
Being cigarette Smoker Yes 48 49 1.00 1.00
No 95 159 .040 .324 1.640 (1.022 - 2.629) 1.371 (0.732 - 2.568)
Khat chewing Yes 35 54 .753 1.082 (0.662 -1.769)
No 108 154 1.00

Back to Article