|References||Reference list Number||Study Context||Data Source||Sample Characteristics||Key Findings|
|1.||Caman, S (2017)||32||Sweden||European Homicide Monitor
National homicide dataset
Forensic Homicide Database
|All solved homicides (N = 1,725) in Sweden between 1990 and 2013.
homicides (N = 211) in Sweden between 2007 and 2009
All female-perpetrated (n = 9) and stratified male-perpetrated (n = 36) between 2007 and 2009
|-Decline in male-perpetrated Intimate Partner Homicides (IPH), compared to female-perpetrated IPH
-Female-perpetrators likely unemployed,
has history of substance use and
been victimized by the male victim
-Male IPH perpetrators are older, employed, less likely previously convicted and have less persistent criminal histories
-Perpetrators of IPH likely to commit suicide
|2.||Dufort, M (2015)||33||Sweden||Swedish National Public
Health Survey, 2004 to 2009,
Three separate cohorts of women exposed to IPV:
help seekers recruited from women’s shelters and social services; non-help seekers
|Men and women aged 16-84 (2005-2007) and 18-84 years (2004).
|-Prevalence of physical IPV 0.7% women; 0.4% men
-Risk factors were being foreign born, lack of social support, psychological distress and hazardous drinking and financial
-Increased risk of suicidal thoughts and attempts among male victims
-Increased psychological and
psychosocial impairments among women seeking help for IPV
-Help seeking women were younger, had lower education, still in a relationship with and had children together with the perpetrator.
|3.||Sundborg, E (2015)||22||Sweden||Nurses and district nurses||Nurses and district nurses working at health centers in two different counties.
Nurses and district nurses n=192
11 district nurses for interview
District nurses n=304
|-Nurses lack knowledge and preparedness IPV response
-Many had preconceived notions about victims
-Nurses screen depending on interest
-Nurses commonly referred abused women to doctors.
-Intervention to improve IPV response showed positive potentials
|4.||Zacarias, A (2012)||26||Mozambique||Women visiting Forensic Services||1442 women aged 15-49 years-old||-Past year prevalence of IPV was 70%
-Risk factors were middle/high educational, divorce/separation, children at home, controlling behaviors, being a perpetrator; childhood abuse
-About 69% of the women were IPV perpetrators
-Mental health symptoms
|5.||Okenwa, L (2011)||24||Nigeria||women visiting a healthcare facility
2008 Nigeria DHS
|934 Women 15-49 years old
33,385 women and 15,486 men
|-Past year prevalence of IPV 23% psychological, 9% physical and 8% sexual
-Risk factors were lack of access to
information, women’s autonomy in decision making and contribution to household expenses
-54% not willing to disclose IPV
-Disclose mostly to only friends, relatives or religious leaders
-Only 1% willing to disclose to police
- IPV significantly associated with using modern forms of contraception; miscarriages, induced abortions, stillbirths and having many children.
-More women than men justified IPV
-Access to radio/tv was associated with increased justification of abuse.
|6.||Uthman, O (2011)||35||Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.||DHS data from 17 subsaharan African countries between 2003-2007||Women 15-49 years old
165,983 women; 68,501 men
|-More women than men justify IPV
-Gender disparity in attitudes
- Education, access to information and joint decision making were associated with decreased tolerance of IPV
-Neighbourhood and contextual factors influenced levels of IPV tolerance
-Risk factors for justifying IPV were living in disadvantaged communities, husband having higher education and polygamy
-Tolerant attitudes to and witnessing IPV was significantly associated with disclosing IPV.
|7.||Ali, TS (2011)||29||Pakistan, health outcomes||Household surveys of 759 living in two different towns
Five FGDs with women with diverse sociodemographic background
|Married women aged 25–60 years||-Life time IPV prevalence 57.6%
-Past year prevalence 56.3%
-Risk factors low education, illiteracy, large family size
-Tolerant attitudes to protect family honor
- Suicidal thoughts and feelings of worthlessness common among victims.
|8.||John, IA (2010)||30||Nigeria||Healthcare providers (HCP) and women visiting a teaching hospital in northern Nigeria||Healthcare providers (HCP) comprising of nurses, midwives, doctors and social workers
507 Women visiting the healthcare facility
|-74% Healthcare providers (HCP) did not inquire about IPV
-HCP scored low on readiness to screen
-Social workers had higher efficacy and network to screen and refer.
|9.||Hamzeh, B (2009)||23||Iran||Potential victims and perpetrators; stakeholders||435 Women, 447 Men;
23 key informants from healthcare, religious, judicial etc. sectors
9 males and 13 women attending mandatory premarital education center, 4 female gate keepers, i.e. facilitators at center;
|-Causes of IPV identified by men and women were partner’s addiction, mental disorder, unemployment, unsuitable clothes etc.
-Victim blaming among key informants
-Participants suggest familiarity with women’s rights according to Islamic laws as solution
-Observed gender differences in participants suggestions for interventions.
|10.||Dalal, K (2008)||31||India||Multi source||married women between aged 14-49yr
719 boys; 681 girls in India
4411 Household surveys in two sub-districts in rural Bangladesh
14016 women from 2005 DHS Egypt
5878 women from Kenyan DHS 2003
|-Mothers’ exposure and IPV tolerance were determinants of child abuse
-Religion, illiteracy, suspected husband’s infidelilty, large age difference between partners, dowry are risk factors for IPV
-In Bangladesh 41% physical abuse; 5% sustenance abuse
-In Kenya 11% emotional, 11% sexual and 25% physical IPV.
-The economic burden of violence arising from injury, death, deprivation and others are enormous especially on families.
|11.||Vung N (2008)||28||Vietnam||5 FGDs
|883 married/partnered women aged 17-60 years||-30.9% lifetime and 8.3% past year IPV
-Psychological IPV most prevalent; 33% past year and 54.4% lifetime
-Risk factors, low education, polygamy, women witnessing IPV between parents, low household income, low occupational status.
-Health consequences were depression, chronic pains and suicidal thoughts.
|12.||Kaye, D (2006)||25||Uganda||Women visiting antenatal and post natal clinics||- 379 women attending antenatal clinic
-16 in depth interviews with pregnant adolescents
-Case control study of 942 women seeking post-abortion care
-Prospective cohort of women with low birth weight babies and antepartum hospitalisation
|-57% moderate to severe IPV associated with being adolescent, abuse in childhood and first pregnancy.
-Risk factors are bride price, modernisation, urban migration, men’s unemployment, misconceptions about pregnancy changes, household division of labour, negotiating for sex.
-Women seeking induced abortion were 18 times likely to be experiencing IPV.
-19% of low birth weight and 74% antepartum hospitalisations were attributable to IPV.
|13.||Rubertsson, C (2004)||34||Sweden||National cohort of 4600 Swedish-speaking women||women in antenatal and postnatal care||- IPV prevalence first post partum year was 2% i.e. 52 women
-Only 3 women reported to police.
-IPV determinants were age 24 years or younger, country of birth outside Europe, having a partner born outside Europe, being single and being unemployed.