Table 1: Description of the study sample.

n % 95% CI
Age (Years)
15 to 24 1706 31.9 30.1-33.6
25 to 49 2671 48.5 46.2-50.8
50+ 1883 19.7 17.9-21.6
Sex
Male 2612 45.6 43.2-48.1
Female 3649 54.4 51.9-56.8
Race Group
Black African 3231 88.5 84.3-91.8
Other Race Groups 3026 11.5 8.2-15.7
Marital Status
Not Married 3992 79.3 76.7-81.6
Married 2183 20.7 18.4-23.3
Education Level
No education/Primary 1011 21.8 19-25
Secondary 4110 71.8 69.1-74.4
Tertiary 413 6.3 4.7-8.5
Asset-based SES
Low 2318 64.2 55.5-72.1
Middle 1615 23.2 16.7-31.3
High 2258 12.6 9.3-16.9
Employment Status
Employed 2200 31.8 28.4-35.4
Unemployed 3659 68.2 64.6-71.6
Locality type
Urban formal 3773 31.2 21.2-43.2
Urban informal 533 9.4 5-16.9
Rural informal 1437 54.9 42.6-66.7
Rural formal 518 4.5 2.1-9.5
Medical Aid
Yes 1305 12.5 9.7-15.9
No 4858 87.5 84.1-90.3
Last Healthcare Attendance
Within the past six months 3219 45.5 42.7-48.4
More than six months but
not more than a year ago
1253 21.1 18.6-24
More than one year ago 1474 28.1 25.1-31.4
Never 232 5.2 3.9-6.9
Hospitalization
Yes 396 5.1 4.1-6.5
No 5783 94.9 93.5-95.9
Physical Activity
Not Active 4046 68.5 65.5-71.3
Moderate Activity 849 7.5 6-9.5
Vigorous Activity 1291 24 21.3-26.9
Alcohol Use
Non-drinkers/
Non-excessive drinkers
5565 97.1 96-97.8
Excessive drinkers 131 2.9 2.2-4
Chronic Condition
Yes 1362 19.1 16.4-22
No 4816 80.9 78-83.6
HIV Status
Negative 4292 75.1 72.5-77.6
Positive 736 24.9 22.4-27.5

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