Table 1: Summary of SA model & theories.

Definition or Dimensions Authors (Year) Main SA Models or Theories
Integrity Vs. Despair Based on Generativity stage of midlife Erikson(1950) Erikson development theory
withdrawal or disengagement from the interaction between the individual and her/his social context Havighurst and Albrecht(1953);
Lemon, Bengston and Peterson (1972)
Disengagement Theory
life satisfaction is positively related to social integration and high involvement with social networks Cumming and Henry (1961) Activity Theory
Try to preserve the habits, preferences and favored lifestyle acquired over a lifetime as long as possible. Atchley, 1999 Continuity Theory
Selection, Optimization and compensation Baltes & Carstensen
SOC model
lack of the disease and disability,
the high physical and cognitive functioning,
engagement in life/social participation
Rowe & Kahn(1997) Rowe & Kahn Model
Lifelong adaptation and developmental regulation from infancy to old age. The model included development and maintenance of primary or secondary control throughout the life course Schulz & Heckhausen(1996) Life Span
Value orientations such as Human nature, Man-nature, Relations, Time, activity Torres(1999) culturally-relevant Successful aging
Self-transcendence(decrease in self-centeredness and a decline in material), relationship(need for solidarity), cosmic (redefinition of life and death) Tornstam, 2005 Gerotranscendence