Table 1: The table shows general risk factors for osteoporosis versus RA related risk factors.

General Risk Factors for Osteoporosis RA Related Osteoporosis Risk Factors
Female sex Steroids
Age Systemic inflammation
Early Menopause Osteoclasts activation
Amenorrhea Osteoblasts inhibition
Asian or European Ethnicity Disease activity
Low BMD Disease duration
Steroids High titer of rheumatoid factor
Smoke and Alcohol High titer of ACPA
Vitamin D and Ca2+ deficiency Inactivity due to joint pain
Prolonged immobilization
Low weight
Poor visual acuity

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