The Open Sports Sciences Journal

ISSN: 1875-399X ― Volume 14, 2021

Current Issues in Strength and Conditioning

Margaret T. Jones1, *, Lee E. Brown2, *
1 Kinesiology, George Mason University, Manassas, VA, USA
2 Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, USA

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2017
Volume: 10
Issue: Suppl 1: M1
First Page: 15
Last Page: 16
Publisher Id: TOSSJ-10-15
DOI: 10.2174/1875399X01710010015

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 28/04/2017
Collection year: 2017

© 2017 Jones and Brown.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Kinesiology, George Mason University, Manassas, VA, and Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, USA; E-mails:, leebrown@Exchange.FULLERTON.EDU

The primary emphasis of this special issue is to focus on review and original scientific investigations, which concentrate on methods leading to improved sport performance and athlete health. Topics include such popular training techniques as eccentric training, complex training, and whole body vibration. Further, topics related to performance assessment, and neuromuscular adaptations to resistance exercise are included. The practical applications of key findings and their potential contributions to evidence-based practice from the perspective of program design and implementation are emphasized in order to provide readers with applied training recommendations.

The first article by Jagim, Wright, Kisiolek, Jones and Oliver entitled Position Specific Changes in Body Composition, Hydration Status, and Metabolism During Preseason Training Camp and Nutritional Habits of Division III Football Players, examined changes in body composition, dietary habits and metabolism in American football players by position. Interestingly, although preseason training was very intense, body fat % increased in all players while non-linemen consumed more total calories than large linemen, especially protein. This may have led to decreases in muscle mass and should therefore be monitored closely.

The second article by Lehnert, Stastny, Tufano and Stolfa entitled Isokinetic Strength in Elite Adolescent Soccer Players, observed eccentric training induced changes in knee strength and ratios. Following 10 weeks the functional ratio increased in favor of eccentric hamstrings, which is of high practical relevance given the hamstrings purpose of deceleration and injury risk reduction in high speed kicking, and change of direction movements.

Ciccone, Deckert, Herda, Gallagher and Weir entitled the third article as Methodological Differences in the Interpretation of Fatigue Data from Repeated Maximal Effort Knee Extensions, in which they investigated a unique form of leg fatigue analysis by examining different reps schemes and ranges of motion. Their results clearly demonstrate that full range of motion, or work, while omitting early repetitions best represents fatigue.

In another fatigue investigation, the fourth article by Marqués-Jiménez, Calleja-González, Arratibel, Delextrat and Terrados entitled Fatigue and Recovery in Soccer: Evidence and Challenges, reviews the current evidence relative to fatigue and recovery. They conclude that inter-individual differences between players calls for analysis on an individual basis in order to allow for optimal recovery and subsequent performance.

The fifth article by Tran, Lundgren, Secomb, Farley, Haff, Nimphius, Newton, Brown and Sheppard entitled Effect of Four Weeks Detraining on Strength, Power, and Sensorimotor Ability of Adolescent Surfers, demonstrating performance decrements with a cessation of resistance training while maintaining sport training. Thus, it is clear that sport training alone is insufficient to maintain peak levels of strength and power.

A sixth article by Ferrari, Kothe, Bottaro, Cadore and Kruel entitled Muscle Mass and Training Status do not Affect the Maximum Number of Repetitions in Different Upper-Body Resistance Exercises, investigated relative muscle performance related to mass, joint, exercise and intensity. Their results show that regardless of joint or mass, it is load or intensity that directly influences total repetitions performed across exercises. This has clear relevance for resistance training exercise prescription.

In another recovery study, the seventh article by Cheng, Lu, Huang, Hsu, Kuo and Lee entitled Effects of Low-Frequency Vibration on Physiological Recovery from Exhaustive Exercise, examined physiological markers following high intensity cycling. They show that vibration, coupled with rest, can reduce metabolic by-products after exhaustive exercise, which may lead to a faster return to play as well as greater performance.

The eighth article by Lockie, Lazar, Risso, Giuliano, Liu, Stage, Birmingham-Babauta, Stokes, Davis, Moreno and Orjalo entitled Limited Post-activation Potentiation Effects Provided by the Walking Lunge on Sprint Acceleration: A Preliminary Analysis, experimented with sprint postactivation potentiation via a lunge exercise. They found little evidence of increased performance in top speed running but demonstrated promising results in acceleration. This lends credence to proper pre-competition warm-up and readiness protocols.

We believe these eight unique articles representing seven different countries provide practical applications of current resistance training and recovery practices for those interested in maximizing performance. We hope readers gain knowledge and insight into proper exercise protocols and these papers also stimulate further investigation into optimal physiological training.

Track Your Manuscript:


"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."

Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."

Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."

Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."

Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."

Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."

Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."

Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."

J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."

Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."

Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."

Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."

Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."

Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."

M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."

Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."

Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."

Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."

Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."

Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."

Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)

Browse Contents

Table of Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2021 Bentham Open