The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 11, 2017


Ibtisam Al-Hashimi (Biography
Ibtisam Al-Hashimi

Dr. Al-Hashimi graduated with B.D.S and Diploma in Oral Surgery from the University of Bagdad. She received a Master degree and Ph.D. from State University of New York at Buffalo. Currently, Dr. Al-Hashimi is a Professor at the Department of Surgery, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Dr. Al-Hashimi has published over 160 scientific publications and she is the founding of Salivary Dysfunction Clinic in Dallas. She is the recipient of 2009 Salivary Researcher of the year and she is the Editor-in-Chief of the Open Dentistry Journal.


Department of Surgery
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX


Luigi Checchi
Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences
University of Bologna

International Co-Editor:

Francesco Chiappelli (Biography
Francesco Chiappelli

Professor (full, tenured) Francesco Chiappelli (UCLA bachelor's degree, 1975, neurobiology; UCLA master's degree, 1981, research methodology & biostatistics; UCLA Ph.D., 1986, counseling psychology; UCLA post-doc in psychoneuroimmunology and in NIAID clinical and fundamental immunology, 1987-1990) joined the faculty of the UCLA School of Dentistry in 1994. He has developed a nationally and international recognized research program in translational science in healthcare for the last 15 years, and teaches as well at the California State University, Northridge, and as a Conjoint Full Professor of innovation and research at Newcastle University, Australia. Prof. Chiappelli has over 200 peer-reviewed publications, not including book chapters and books in the field of evidence-based dentistry and related fields. In his field of comparative effectiveness research, Prof. Chiappelli collaborates extensively nationally in the US, as well as globally from Asia, to latin America, Africa and Australia.


Division of Oral Biology and Medicine
UCLA School of Dentistry
Los Angeles, CA

Regional Editors:

Junichi Asaumi (Biography
Junichi Asaumi

Dr. Asaumi obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Radiology from the Okayama University, Okayama. Dr. Currently Dr. Asaumi is a Dean of Okayama University Dental School. He is also a President of Japanese Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. He has published more than 150 scientific publications.

Dr. Asaumi is currently the Editor-in-Chief of Oral Radiology and Open Journal of Stomatology .


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Graduate School of Medicine
Okayama University

Ichiro Nishimura
Weintraub Center for Reconstructive Biotechnology
UCLA School of Dentistry
Los Angeles, CA

M. Cicciu (Biography
M. Cicciu

Marco Cicciù is a University of Messina Assistant Professor who has covered topic like technology, biomaterials, bone regeneration, prosthodontics for publications on Journal Oral Implantology, Journal Craniofacial Surgery, International Journal Oral Maxillofacial Implants, Journal Maxillofacial Surgery, International Journal of Clinical Experimental Medicine. A Sicily native, Marco graduated on Dental Science from University of Catania discussing a thesis realized in cooperation with the Bioengineer Department about the masticatory load and stress distribution. Marco had Ph.D. on Orthodontic Sciences and currently is teaching Prosthodontics and Dental Materials at the Dental School of Messina University.


Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images
University of Messina

Statistical Advisor:

Sadik A. Khuder
Departments of Medicine and Public Health and Homeland Security
University of Toledo Health Science Campus
Toledo, OH

Associate Editors:

Anastasios Markopoulos (Biography
Anastasios Markopoulos

Dr. Markopoulos obtained his DDS and his PhD from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He also obtained a Master of Science Degree in Oral Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Dr. Markopoulos was Professor, Chairman & Graduate Program Director of the Dept. of Oral Medicine/Pathology of the Aristotle University. He has published more than 140 scientific publications.

Dr. Markopoulos is an Honorary Member of the Hellenic Society of Oral Medicine and Pathology.

Currently he is Associate Editor of this journal..


Oral Medicine & Maxillofacial Pathology
Private Practice

Gianrico Spagnuolo (Biography
Gianrico Spagnuolo

Dr. Gianrico Spagnuolo received a D.D.S. degree at University of Naples “Federico II” in 1997. He completed his Ph.D. in Dental Materials Biotechnology in 2002 and earned a post-doctoral fellowship in 2002-2004. In 2003 he had been Visiting Assistant Professor at Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology at University of Regensburg (Germany) and from 2006 is Adjunct Scientist at same Dental School. From 2007 to 2008 he was associate researcher at Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Biomaterials (CRIB) - University of Naples “Federico II”. In 2011 he completed the three-year postgraduate program in Oral Surgery at the University of Naples “Federico II”.

He recently obtained the National Italian Qualification for Associate (2013) and Ordinary (2014) Professor. Moreover, he was Professor at Postgraduate program in Oral Surgery at same University (2015 and 2016).

To date Dr. Gianrico Spagnuolo is Assistant Professor in School of Dentistry at the University of Naples “Federico II” spending his time teaching, giving lectures and participating in the faculty practice.


Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences
University of Naples Federico II

Patrick R. Schmidlin (Biography
Patrick R. Schmidlin

Dr. Schmidlin studied Dental Medicine at the University of Zurich where he got his degree in 1998 He specialized in the fields of Preventive Dentistry and Restorative Dentistry as well as in Periodontology. He is Head of the Division of Periodontology and Peri-implant Diseases at the Clinic of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology at the Centre of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich and an Honorary Professor at Department of Oral Sciences, University of Otago (NZ). His research and clinical interests include the prevention and non-/minimally invasive therapy of primary caries as well as non-surgical and regenerative periodontal therapy and implantology.


Clinic of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Center of Dental Medicine
University of Zurich

Editorial Board Members:

N. Amarasena
School of Dentistry
University of Adelaide

A.E. Athanasiou
Department of Orthodontics
Hamdan Bin Mohammed College of Dental Medicine

K.H. Breuning
Department of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Biology
Radboud Universiteit
The Netherlands

G. Campus
Department of Surgical Science
University of Sassari

S.K. Chatterjee
Department of Internal Medicine and the Barrett Cancer Center
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, OH

D.P. De Oliveira (Biography
D.P. De Oliveira

Dr Oliveira has a graduation degree in Dentistry from the State University of Campinas, a Masters degree in Dental Clinic (concentration in Endodontics) from the State University of Campinas). Dr Oliveira also holds and a PhD degree in Dental Clinic (concentration in Endodontics) from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2007) including a visiting scholar lasting one year at the University of North Carolina (USA). He has published articles published in journals like Journal of Endodontics and International Endodontic Journal. Currently, he is a scientific reviewer of many the scientific journals. He is Associate Professor at Federal University of Alagoas and Universitary Center Cesmac. He has experience in the area of Dentistry, with an emphasis on Endodontics, working mainly on the following subjects: Chlorhexidine, Endodontic Retreatment, Internal Dental Bleaching, Rotary Files and Root Canal Preparation.


Department of Restorative Dentistry
State University of Campinas
São Paulo

S. Duarte Jr.
Department of Comprehensive Care
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH

R. Dziak (Biography
R. Dziak

Dr. Rosemary Dziak is a Professor of Oral Biology at the School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo, State University of New York. She received a MS and a Ph.D. in Radiation Biology & Biophysics from the University of Rochester and engaged in postdoctoral training in pharmacology at Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Dziak has over 100 scientific publications in the area of bone biology and tissue engineering and holds two US patents on bone regenerative products.


Department of Oral Biology
University at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY

A.K. El-Naggar
Department of Pathology
The University of Texas
Houston, TX

L.R. Eliisa
Department of Oral Development and Orthodontics
University of Oulu

G. Gambarini
Department of Dental Science
Sapienza University of Rome

T. Gomi
Department of Radiology
Kitasato University

N. Hori
Department of Prosthodontics
Kanagawa Dental College

C.H. Kau
Department of Dental Health and Biological Sciences
Cardiff University

D. Kinane
Departments of Pathology and Periodontics
University of Louisville
Louisville, KY

S. Kourtis
Dental School
University of Athens

M. Madlena
Department of Paedodontics and Orthodontics
Semmelweis University

Y. Maruo (Biography
Y. Maruo

Dr. Maruo obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Dentistry from Okayama University in Japan. Dr. Maruo also holds a Board Certificated Member and Senior Fellow of the Japan Prosthodontic Society. Currently Dr. Maruo is also a Senior Assistant Professor in Okayama University. He is an editorial board member of the other four dental journals.


Department of Occlusion and Removable Prosthodontics
Okayama University Hospital

J.A. Mayo
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
University of Georgia
Athens, GA

K. Miyajima (Biography
K. Miyajima

Dr. Miyajima obtained DDS and a doctorate (Ph.D.) from Aichi-Gakuin University school of Dentistry, Nagoya ,Japan. Dr. Miyajima also holds a Masters of Science in Dentistry from St. Louis University ADE.

Currently Dr. Miyajima is also an Adjunct Professor in St. Louis University ADE and teaching at Harvard University School of Dental mMedicine. He has published more than 250 scientific publications .


Orthodontic Dentistry
Miyajima Dental Clinic

A. Moeintaghavi
Faculty of dentistry
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

H. Nagatsuka
Department of Oral Pathology and Medicine
Okayama University

A.M. Rabie
Department of Orthodontics
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

E.D. Rekow
Department of Basic Science and Craniofacial Biology
University of Groningen
The Netherland

I. Saygun
Department of Peridontology
Gulhane Military Medical Academy

R.K. Schulze
Department for Oral Surgery and Oral Radiology
Johannes Gutenberg-University

Y. Shibukawa (Biography
Y. Shibukawa

Dr. Shibukawa obtained doctorates (D.D.S. and Ph.D.) in Dentistry and Oral Physiology from the School of Dentistry in the Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan. Currently Dr. Shibukawa is an Associate professor in the Tokyo Dental College.


Department of Physiology
Tokyo Dental College

E. Tanaka
Department of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Developmental Biology
Hiroshima University

H.C. Tenenbaum
Department of Dentistry
University of Toronto

A. Tezvergil-Mutluay
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomaterials Research
University of Turku

T.K. Vaidyanathan
Department of Restorative Dentistry
Rutgers School of Dental Medicine
Newark, NJ

I. Watanabe
Department of Biomaterials Science
Texas A & M University Baylor College of Dentistry
Dallas, TX

W.H. Arnold (Biography
W.H. Arnold

Dr. Arnold graduated as medical doctor from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. He became chair of Anatomy at Witten/Herdecke University in 1985. At the present he is Chairman of the Department of biological and Material Sciences in Dentistry at the School of Dental Medicine at Witte/Herdecke University. Dr. Arnold polished more than 120 research articles about biomineralization and oral research.


Faculty of Dental Medicine
University of Witten/Herdecke

S. Bencharit
Department of Prosthodontics
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC

P.S. Campos
Department of Radiology
Universidade Federal da Bahia

A. Celebic
Department of Prosthodontics
University of Zagreb

N. Cirillo
Department of Odontostomatology
University of Naples Federico II

L.F. Donaldson (Biography
L.F. Donaldson

Dr Donaldson obtained her undergraduate (BDS, BSc Neuroscience) and doctorate (PhD Pharmacology) degrees from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Dr Donaldson is currently Associate Professor in Life Sciences and a member of the Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre at the University of Nottingham. She has published >60 peer reviewed scientific publications, and 3 patents.


Department of Physiology and Pharmacology
University of Nottingham

W.O. Dutra
Departamento de Morfologia
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte

T. El-Bialy
Department of Biomedical Engineering
University of Alberta

T. Eliades
Clinic of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry
University of Zurich

N. Gagliano (Biography
N. Gagliano

Prof. Nicoletta Gagliano graduated in Biological Sciences and obtained a PhD degree in Physiopathology of Aging at the University of Milan, Italy. She is an Associated Professor of Histology and the director of the Extracellular Matrix Lab at the Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health of the University of Milan, Italy. She is a molecular biologist with high experience in cell cultures, gene and protein expression analysis, and morphologic methods. She has published more than 80 scientific publications.

The field of research is related to the study of the expression of genes and proteins involved in extracellular matrix remodeling and collagen turnover in different pathological conditions, such as fibrosis, gingival overgrowth, tumor invasion, and to the study of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition during the carcinogenesis process .


Department of Human Morphology
University of Milan

M. Goldberg
Laboratoire de Biologie et Physiopathologie Crânio-faciales
Universite Paris V

E.J. Honkala
Department of Developmental and Preventive Sciences
Kuwait University
Kuwait City

R.G. Jaeger
Institute of Biomedical Sciences Sao Paulo
University of Sao Paulo
São Paulo

K. Khalaf
Department of Orthodontics
King Faisal University
Saudi Arabia

N. Kondoh
Department of Oral Biochemistry
Asahi University

Y. Kudo
Department of Oral Maxillofacial Pathobiology
Hiroshima University

C. Maiorana
Department of Fondazione
IRCCS Policlinico Ca'Granda

J. Matinlinna
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomaterials Science
University of Turku

T. Mimyawaki
Department of Dental Anesthesiology and Special Care Dentistry
Okayama University

H. Miyazaki
Department of Oral Health Science
Niigata University

L. Lo Muzio (Biography
L. Lo Muzio

Prof. Lorenzo Lo Muzio, a board certified dentist and oncologist, is a Full Professor of Oral Pathology and Medicine at the University of Foggia – Foggia - Italy and is the Director of the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine at the University of Foggia. After graduating cum laude from University of Naples Federico II – Naples – Italy, Prof. Lo Muzio received his PhD by the II University of Naples (SUN) – Naples, Italy. Prof. Lo Muzio has extensive experience in the field of oral and skin cancer and is a long-time advocate for increasing public awareness of the disease. He has published more than 400 scientific publications.


Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
University of Foggia

R.M. Nagler
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Rambam Medical Center

C.C. Ragin
Department of Epidemiology
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, PA

Y. Sasano
Department of Craniofacial Development and Regeneration
Tohoku University

E. Schafer
Department of Operative Dentistry
University of Muenster

W. Shi (Biography
W. Shi

Dr. Wenyuan Shi is a chairman and professor of Oral Biology at UCLA Schools of Dentistry. Dr. Shi’s laboratory has been using multidisciplinary approaches to study oral microbial pathogenesis with a specific focus on microbial biofilm, inter-species interaction and signal transduction. In addition, Dr. Shi’s laboratory is actively involved in the development of next generation of diagnostic and therapeutic tools against oral microbial infections, including instant chairside detection of oral pathogens and peptide based targeted antimicrobial therapeutics. These translational research efforts have resulted in novel technologies that are licensed and developed by major pharmaceutical, dental and biotech companies. Dr. Shi is also the founding scientist and chief science officer of C3 Jian Inc. (

Dr. Shi obtained his BS degree from Fudan University (Shanghai) in 1984, acquired his Ph.D degree from University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1991 and fulfilled his postdoctoral training at University of California-Berkeley during 1992-1995. He is co-author and co-inventor of over 250 scientific articles and patents.


Section of Oral Biology
UCLA School of Dentistry
Los Angeles, CA

M. Soory
Department of Mucosal & Salivary Biology
King’s College London-Dental Institute

T. Tauböck
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
University of Zurich

A.Y. Teng
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, NY

C. Tsai (Biography
C. Tsai

Dr. Tsai obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in immuno-pathology from the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, and D.D.S. from the Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan. Dr. Tsai held Presidents of the Association for Dental Sciences, the Academy of Periodontology of Taiwan, and the Taiwan Academy of Perio-Prosthodontics, Republic of China. Currently Dr. Tsai is also an Adjunct Professor in the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, USA), the Chung Medical University (Taichung, Taiwan), the Guangxi Medical University (Nanning, China) and the Kaohsiung Medical University (Kaohsiung, Taiwan). He has published more than 200 scientific publications. Dr. Tsai was the founding president of the Taiwan Academy of Perio-Prothosthodontics,, and are currently advisor of several Editorial Boards of the journals in Taiwan.


Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences
Kaohsiung Medical University

H.L. Wang
Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI

A. Yamane
Department of Pharmacology
Tsurumi University


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