The Open Microbiology Journal




ISSN: 1874-2858 ― Volume 13, 2019

Editor-in-Chief:

Irina V. Kiseleva (Biography
Irina V. Kiseleva

Dr. Kiseleva obtained her MS in Microbiology from St Petersburg (SPb) State University, RF, PhD in Virology from Institute of Influenza, SPb, RF and DSci in Virology in Institute of Experimental Medicine (IEM), SPb, RF. She holds a position of Section Chief in IEM. She is also a Professor of SPb University, RF. She published over 280 publications including 40 RF patents. Currently she is the Editor-in-Chief of TOMICROJ, published by Bentham Science Publishers.

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Department of Virology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
St. Petersburg
Russia



Associate Editors:

Thierry Naas (Biography
Thierry Naas

Dr. Thierry Naas is heading a research team of the University Paris Sud on Structure-function studies on emerging antibiotic resistance mechanisms, is an Associate Professor in Medical Microbiology at the University of Paris Sud Medical School, and is heading the French National Reference Center (NRC) for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobactericeae. He has more then 20 years experience working on antibiotic resistance mechanisms and genetics, especially on carbapenem resistance in gram-negatives. He has published more than 200 original scientific works and contributed to the characterization of many clinically relevant ß-lactamases according to several aspects: structure-function, biochemistry, epidemiology and genetics.

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Department of Microbiology
University of Paris South Medical School
Orsay
France

Patrick Woo (Biography
Patrick Woo

Woo was Postdoctoral Fellow Medical Research Council Canada and Ballard Fellow OVC University of Guelph. Patrick has been a faculty member University of Guelph since 1974 (Assistant Professor 1974; Associate Professor 1978; and Professor 1984). He was elected Director (2002), Axelrod Institute of Ichthyology; Senate also elected him University Professor Emeritus and it was conferred at convocation (2006) by The Honorable LM Alexander, Chancellor. His research is on parasitic flagellates including those of medical and economic importance. All his research projects and invited presentations were sponsored by national and/or international agencies which allowed him to work and interact with colleagues worldwide.

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Department of Integrative Biology
University of Guelph
Guelph, ON
Canada

Carlo Torti (Biography
Carlo Torti

Prof. Carlo Torti completed his graduation in medicine (in 1994) from University of Pavia, Italy. Later on, he obtained his specialty in Infectious Diseases (in 2000) from the University of Brescia, Italy. Prof. Torti is currently Director of the Infectious Diseases Unit at University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy. His skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas/fields of Sequencing, Infection, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Immunology of Infectious Diseases, HIV, Immunology, Epidemiology, Immunity, Infectious Diseases, Liver Diseases, Viral Infection, Clinical Epidemiology, Clinical Pharmacokinetics, etc. Prof. Torti, as an author/co-author, has published more than 220 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 5,565.

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Unit of Infectious Diseases
University 'Magna Graecia
Catanzaro
Italy


Section Editor:

(Microbial Pathogenesis)
Irina Vladimirovna Koroleva (Biography
Irina Vladimirovna Koroleva

Irina Koroleva was born in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. She graduated from the State University in Biophysics in 1986. She has been working in the Department of Molecular Microbiology of Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Institute of Experimental Medicine”, as a Senior research scientist since 2010. She has gained valuable research experience through the collaboration with Swedish colleagues during 1993-1995 and 1998 in the Department of Infection Diseases and Medical Microbiology, Lund University, Sweden. She works in the field of Molecular Microbiology. In 2009, she got the diploma of the North-Western branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. She also supervises many graduate works of the students.

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Department of Molecular Microbiology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
St. Petersburg
Russia


Editorial Board Members:

A.A. Adedeji (Biography
A.A. Adedeji

Prof. Adedeji obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Pharmacology from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He holds fellowships of the American Academy of Project Management and African Technology Policy Studies Network. Currently Prof. Adedeji is also a Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Gitwe Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Rwanda. He has published more than 60 scientific publications and runs a solutions platform for Health, Education and Development innovations. He is a promoter of use of Drosophila model in biomedical research in Africa through DrosAfrica, a seasoned academic manager of higher Institution of learning and research leader.

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Department of Pharmacology
Olabisi Onabanjo University
Sagamu
Nigeria

M.J. Ahsan (Biography
M.J. Ahsan

Dr. Mohamed Jawed Ahsan received B. Pharmacy (2005) and M. Pharmacy (2007) from Jamia Hamdard (University), New Delhi. He received Ph.D. (2012) from Nims University, Jaipur. Currently, he is working as Head, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Maharishi Arvind College of Pharmacy, Jaipur, India. He has a remarkable research profile in the area of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, and published more than 60 articles in peer reviewed Journals of International repute. Dr. Mohamed Jawed Ahsan has supervised more than 33 M. Pharmacy students. He is referee for various international journals viz; ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, etc.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Maharishi Arvind College of Pharmacy
Jaipur
India

A.M. Awan (Biography
A.M. Awan

Dr. Abdul Matin received his PhD from University of London followed by a Postdoctoral Fellowship from School of Medicine, Southampton University Hospital, UK. His research interests include epidemiology and pathogenic mechanism of emerging parasitic diseases with special interest on role of Blood-brain barrier in CNS infections. He is recipient of various international and national awards, honors and grants including MRS “The Best Researcher in the UK specialty award and prize” at Royal College of Physicians, London, UK in 2007. Dr. Matin is currently Associate Professor at Majmaah University, KSA. He has published more than 32 research articles in reputed journals and is serving as an editorial board member and reviewer for various international and national reputed journals and funding agencies.

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Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences
Majmaah University
Almajmaah
Kingdom of Saudia Arabia

A. Battistoni (Biography
A. Battistoni

Dr. Andrea Battistoni is a stable member of the Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, since 1993.Dr. Battistoni received his Ph.D. degree in Cellular and Molecular Biology in 1991 from the University of Rome Tor Vergata. He is a co-author of over 100 papers published in international journals indexed by Pub-Med. He is a member of the Editorial Board of various journals, and also is a member of the American Society for Microbiology, the International Biometals Society, the Italian Biochemical Society and the Italian Society for the Study of Cystic Fibrosis.

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Dipartimento di Biologia
Universita di Roma Tor Vergata
Rome
Italy

M. Cabello (Biography
M. Cabello

Alfonso Martín Cabello-Vílchez was born in Lima on 07 July 1975. Dr. Alfonso Martín Cabello-Vílchez received his Medical Technologist education in the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH), Instituto de Medicina Topical Alexander von Humboldt (IMT-AvH), Lima-Peru in 2003.He is currently Professor of Medical Parasitology and He has 15 publications in Journal of Microbiology and Parasitology since 2010. He is currently head of the Lab of protists and human pathogenic endosymbionts of IMT-AvH. My research focuses on free-living amoebae and endosymbiotic processes that cause disease in humans. His group is currently interested in developing diagnostic methods for Leprosy and Buruli in South America.

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Laboratory of Protozoa andPathogen Endosymbionts (LPEP)
Institute of Tropical Medicine "Alexander von Humboldt"
Peruvian University Cayetano Heredia
Lima
Peru

K. Chlichlia (Biography
K. Chlichlia

Dr. Katerina Chlichlia is Associate Professor of Molecular Immunobiology at the Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, Democritus University of Thrace in Alexandroupolis, Greece. She received her PhD from the German Cancer Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy in Heidelberg (1994) and continued for Post-Doctoral studies in Germany. She has long experience in the fields of molecular biology, microbiology and immunology. She received fellowships from DAAD, UICC and DFG. She has published more than 40 articles in peer-reviewed journals, has served as an evaluator in many national and international grant applications and as a reviewer in scientific journals.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
Democritus University of Thrace
Alexandroupolis
Greece

A. Dmitriev (Biography
A. Dmitriev

Alexander V. Dmitriev obtained PhD degree (1997) and DrSc degree (2004) in Microbiology and Biochemistry at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. He is currently Deputy Director of the Institute of Experimental Medicine and Professor at Saint-Petersburg State University and Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute. He was working in different laboratories in USA, Slovakia, China, Vietnam and Portugal. He has published more than 180 publications. He was awarded by numerous grants and awards including international.

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Department of Molecular Microbiology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
Saint Petersburg
Russian Federation

A. Giongo (Biography
A. Giongo

Dr. Giongo is a microbial ecologist with Ph.D. in Genetics and Molecular Biology (Brazil, 2007) and Post doctorate in Microbial Ecology (University of Florida, USA, 2008-2011). She is Visiting Professor of the Environmental Engineering Graduate Program at FURB (Brazil). Her research projects include the knowledge of the microbial communities associated with different environmental samples and the influence on the atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere. She has published more than 40 scientific articles in international journals.

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Post-Graduate Program in Environmental Engineering
Regional University of Blumenau
Blumenau
Brazil

A. Kumar (Biography
A. Kumar

Presently, Dr. Ashwani Kumar is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany, School of Biological Sciences at Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar India. He obtained his Ph.D. in Biomass and Bioenergy at Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India. His research dealt with plant microbe interaction, plant abiotic stress, bio-energy production, and metagenomics. He has been awarded several National and International Fellowship such as Commonwealth Fellowship, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, Claude Leon Foundation & National Research Foundation Fellowship-South Africa, Durban University of Technology and Rhodes University Postdoctoral Fellowship, Shastri Mobility Program fellowship for Canada (2018-19). He is associated with several journals as Editorial Board member and as a reviewer. He is life member of National Institute of Ecology, Biotech Research Society of India, and International Society of Environmental Botanists, and Affiliate member of Microbiology Society and CEM, IUCN. He has published more than 45 Peer reviewed articles in high impact journals with Google scholar citation of 2518, 15 Book chapters and presented his research in 35 Conferences.

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Department of Botany
School of Biological Sciences at Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University
Sagar
India

E. Martinez-Romero (Biography
E. Martinez-Romero

Dr. Martinez got PhD in 1885. She has presently been serving as a Professor and Researcher at the Genomic Science Center, National University of Mexico. She has been recognized with many awards and honors such as Prize of Science from the Mexican Academy of Sciences in 1996, Award to Young Scientists from the National University of Mexico in 1996, Award from the National Research Council as “The Best Student of Mexico” and Woman of the Year for Mexico by the American Biogeographical Institute in 2008. She has contributed more than 300 publications, having citations around 10,367.

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Genomic Science Center
National University of Mexico
Cuernavaca
Mexico

C. Palma (Biography
C. Palma

Dr. Carla Palma obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Medical Microbiology and immunology from the University of “Tor Vergata” Rome, Italy. Currently Dr. Palma is a Researcher in the Department of Infectious Diseases of Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Italian National Institute of Health), Rome, Italy. She has published more than 50 scientific publications.

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Department of Infectious
Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Rome
Italy

A. Shehabi (Biography
A. Shehabi

Dr. Asem Shehabi is a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Consultant in Diagnostic Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. Dr. Shehabi graduated from the University of Kiel, Germany in 1972 with a Doctorate degree in Medical Sciences/ Medical Microbiology. Dr. Shehabi has published 97 research papers in peer-reviewed journals up till now, 2 Microbiology Books in Arabic, more than 300 articles and studies in both Arabic and English; covering all aspects of medical microbiology and human infectious diseases especially antimicrobial resistance. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of The International Arabic Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, iMedPub.org.

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Department of Pathology Microbiology and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
University of Jordan
Amman
Jordon

M. Taherikalani (Biography
M. Taherikalani

Morovat Taherikalani is a Professor in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center at Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, where he has been since 2015. From 2008 to 2018, he served as Department Chair of Medical Microbiology at Ilam University of Medical Sciences. He received a B.S. in Laboratory Sciences in 2001 form Tabriz University, and an M.S. and PhD in Medical Microbiology from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2004 and 2008 respectively.

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Department of Medical Microbiology
Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
Khorramabad
Iran

G. Tachedjian (Biography
G. Tachedjian

Professor Gilda Tachedjian received her Ph.D. degree in Microbiology in 1997 from Monash University, Victoria, Australia. In 2002, Prof. Tachedjian was recruited to Burnet Institute, where she performed key roles of Head, Molecular Interactions Group (2003-2010) and Head, Retroviral Biology and Antivirals Laboratory (2011). Now, since 2017, she is the Head of Life Sciences at this same institute. Prof. Tachedjian’s current research interests include identification of novel RT inhibitors, and development of topical microbicides to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. She has been involved in the publication of over 75 articles in various international journals.

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Centre for Virology Macfarlane Burnet
Institute for Medical Research and Public Health
Melbourne
Australia

G. Piatti
San Marino Hospital
University of Genoa
Genova
Italy

R. Gupta
Department of Biotechnology
H.P. University
Shimla
India

D. D. Singh
Amity institute of Biotechnology
Amity University Rajasthan
Jaipur
India

D. Gutnick (Biography
D. Gutnick

Dr. David Gutnick obtained his Ph.D. degree (1967) in Microbiology from University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, specializing in oxidative phosphorylation in Mycobacterium phlei. Dr. Gutnick is currently affiliated with Tel-Aviv University (Department of Biotechnology Life Sciences), Israel. In addition, he is Chairman of Technology Accreditation Professional Sub Committee of the Council for Higher Education, and a member of the Committee on Microbiology of the Israel Academy of Sciences. His current research interests include petroleum microbiology, biosurfactants and biopolymers, and microbial complex pattern formation. Dr. Gutnick is the author/co-author of over 130 papers, patents, reviews and book chapters.

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Department of Biotechnology Life Sciences
Tel-Aviv University
Tel Aviv
Israel

A. Mengoni (Biography
A. Mengoni

Dr. A. Mengoni has obtained PhD and currently working at ENEA-Bologna, Italy. Mengoni does research in Nuclear Physics. Mengoni’s skills and expertise are in Data Analysis, Energy, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Measurement, Radioactivity, Detectors, Experimental Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Structure, Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Reactions, Nuclear Astrophysics and Nuclear Chemistry. Mengoni has contributed more than 387 publications, having citations around 3539.

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Department of Biology
University of Firenze
Firenze
Italy

A. Segura (Biography
A. Segura

Dr. A. Segura has obtained PhD and currently working at the Experimental Station of Zaidín, Spanish National Research Council. Ana’s research interests include Immunology and Microbiology Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology Agricultural and Biological Sciences Chemical Engineering Environmental Science Medicine Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics Engineering. Ana has contributed more than 74 publications, having citations around 3026.

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Department of Environmental Protection
Superior Council for Scientific Research, Experimental Station Zaidín
Granada
Spain

F. Afrin (Biography
F. Afrin

Dr. Farhat Afrin received Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India. She served Department of Biotechnology, Hamdard University, New Delhi, India for 16 years. She also worked at National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA and Centre for Immunology and Infection, University of York, UK. She is a recipient of several honors including American Association of Immunologists Young Faculty Travel Grant, Commonwealth Academic Staff fellowship. Her research interest is parasite immunology with emphasis on Leishmania immunotherapeutics. She has published over 55 papers in Journals of International repute and is an Academic Editor, Editorial Board member and reviewer of several Journals.

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Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences
TAIBAH UNIVERSITY
Medina
Saudi Arabia

A.C. Arregui (Biography
A.C. Arregui

Dr. A. Cid Arregui obtained his doctorate in Medicine (MD) and Molecular Biology (PhD) at the Autonomous University of Madrid and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg. Dr. Arregui has more than 20 years of research experience in the field of cancer associated with human Papillomaviruses. Dr. Arregui is currently a group leader in the Tumor Immunology department of the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany.

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Translational Immunology
German Cancer Research Center
Heidelberg
Germany

A. Aygan (Biography
A. Aygan

Professor Dr. Ashabil AYGAN holds the position as a professor in Biology Department at the University of Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam, Turkey. Graduated from Selcuk University and obtained MSc. Degree from University of Manchester, UK and PhD degree from Cukurova University, Turkey. He has been associated with various research projects along with lecturing. His current studies focused on Microbial –molecular Biotechnology, Microbial Enzymology and Antimicrobial agents etc.

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Department of Biology
Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam University
Kahramanmaras
Turkey

Y. Belyi (Biography
Y. Belyi

Yury Belyi obtained his doctorate degrees (PhD and Doctor of Science) in 1987 and 1999 respectively in the field of Microbiology at the Gamaleya research Institute, Moscow, Russia. He studied virulence factors of human pathogens with special interest in bacterial toxins and effectors of Type 4 secretion system. Currently Dr. Belyi holds a position of a Head of the Department of Bacterial infections at the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology in Moscow, Russia. He has prepared more than 50 scientific papers and has written a monograph “Intracellular parasitism of microorganisms” published in 1996 by Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX.

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Deptartment of Bacterial Infections
Gamaleya Research Centre
Moscow
Russian Federation

A. Cara (Biography
A. Cara

Dr. Andrea Cara, Ph.D., is a Researcher at Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy, and holds a Research Scholar position in the Department of Medicine at Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. During his career, he spent 7 years at the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, MD, USA, and 3 years at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA. Dr. Cara, as an author/co-author, has published more than 75 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 3,330.

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Department of Drug Research and Evaluation
Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Roma
Italy

M. H. Dehghani (Biography
M. H. Dehghani

Professor Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani (PhD) is a Full Professor at the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran, IRAN. His scientific research interests include the Environmental Health Science, Microbiology of Water and Wastewater. He is the author of various research studies published at national and international journals, conference proceedings and Head of several research project at the TUMS. He has authored 8 books and more than 170 full papers published in peer- reviewed journals. He is an editorial board member and reviewer in many internal and international journals and is member of several international science committees around the world. He has supervisor and advisor PhD and MSc theses at the TUMS. He is currently also member of the Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH) and member of the Institute for Environmental Research (IER) at the TUMS.

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Department of Environmental Health Engineering
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran

F. Fiorito (Biography
F. Fiorito

Dr. Filomena Fiorito is currently a Post-Doc Fellow, at Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici (Naples), Italy. She did M.Sc. in Pharmaceutical chemistry and Pharmacy from University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Italy in 1995 and 1996. She obtained her Ph.D. in Environmental Biology, Pathology and Hygiene in Veterinary Medicine from University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy in 2005. Dr. Fiorito has numerous awards/honors and internationally recognized scientific publications to her credit.

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Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production
University of Naples "Federico II”
Naples
Italy

Y. Ji (Biography
Y. Ji

Yinduo Ji obtained his Ph.D. from the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine (current Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention) in Beijing. He did his postdoctoral training in the Department of Microbiology at the University of Minnesota. Currently Dr. Ji is a Professor of Microbiology in the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at the University of Minnesota. He has more than 70 scientific publications and serves as Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editor, or Editorial Board Member for multiple peer-reviewed journals. His research focuses on the molecular and cellular pathogenesis of S. aureus, functional genomics, and antibacterial drug discovery.

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Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, MN
USA

B. Lei (Biography
B. Lei

Dr. Benfang Lei obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Biochemistry from the University of Houston, Houston, Texas. Currently Dr. Lei is an Associate Professor at Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. He has published more than 70 scientific publications. He has been on the Editorial Board of this journal since 2007.

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Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology
Montana State University
Bozeman, MT
USA

J.R.G.G Mesquita (Biography
J.R.G.G Mesquita

João R. Mesquita (Mesquita JR) obtained his DVM in 2006 (University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro) and his PhD in 2012 (University of Porto). He has been teaching at the Agrarian Superior School of Viseu (ESAV), Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (IPV) for the past 10 years, mainly on the topics of Infectious Diseases. He currently holds the position of Adjunct Professor and has published more than 40 articles in virology.

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Department of Animal Science
Rural Engineering and Veterinary ESAV | Agrarian Superior School of Viseu
Viseu
Portugal

R. Raja (Biography
R. Raja

Dr. Rathinam Raja pursued his Ph.D., in microalgae at University of Madras during 2004. He did his Post-Doctoral Fellowships at Taiwan, South Korea, IIT Madras and worked as a Lead Scientist at Aquatic Energy LLC, Louisiana, USA. Currently, working as an Assistant Researcher at University of the Algarve, Portugal. He has 21 international peer reviewed publications, 10 book chapters, membership in several scientific international bodies and serving as an Editor in Chief, Associate Editor, Editorial Board member in many journals. Being a Scientist, he has presented his research articles in several conferences/symposium at Belgium, Denmark, Dubai, France, Germany, Hungary, Malaysia, Morocco, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, The Netherlands (Holland) and USA.

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Centre for Mediterranean Bioresources and Food
University of Algarve
Faro
Portugal

A. Tabll (Biography
A. Tabll

Dr. Ashraf Tabll did B.Sc. from faculty of science (Damietta) Mansoura University and M.Sc. in chemistry from faculty of science, Menofia University in 1990 and 1997 respectively. Later in 2001, he did PhD in Biochemistry from faculty of Science, Cairo University. Dr. Tabll has a good experience in establishment of cell lines producing of mouse monoclonal antibodies for immunodiagnosis by hybridoma technology and establishment of human cell lines producing of human monoclonal antibodies for immunotherapy by EBV immortalization of B lymphocytes. Dr. Tabll published more than 50 international articles.

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Department of Microbial Biotechnology
National Research Center
Cairo
Egypt

T.R. Tong (Biography
T.R. Tong

Prof. Tong obtained his medical degrees (M.B.,B.S., MD) from the University of Hong Kong and the University of the State of New York. He is American Board of Pathology-certified and fellowship-trained at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. He is an Adjunct Professor of Pathology at City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center and a consultant at University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital. He has published dozens of peer-reviewed scientific articles, owns 4 U.S. patents and is a co-inventor in a pending U.S. patent application. He is on the editorial board of multiple journals, including this journal, published by Bentham Science Publishers.

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Department of Pathology
Hong Kong University-Shenzhen hospital
Shenzhen
China

A. Vallejo (Biography
A. Vallejo

As molecular biologist I initiated my research career in the field of HTLV infections, and epidemiologic research on HIV. Once obtained my PhD degree in 1993, I moved to the Food and Drug Administration, Maryland, USA, with a post-doctoral position working on molecular epidemiology of HTLV and HIV. In 2000, I returned to Spain to join the Immunovirology Laboratory at Virgen del Rocío Hospital, Seville, and focused on immune recovery of HIV-1-infected patients. I then moved to Ramon y Cajal Hospital at Madrid to follow my research on HIV-1 immunopathology and continuing the research on HTLV-1/2 infections.

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Infectious Diseases Department
Ramon y Cajal University Hospital
Madrid
Spain

M. Zibaei (Biography
M. Zibaei

Prof. Mohammad Zibaei has completed his Ph.D at the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Medical Parasitology and Research Fellowship Course in the Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences in Immunoparasitology (2006-2007), Kobe, Japan. He is currently as professor of parasitology in the Department of Parasitology and Mycology at Alborz University of Medical Sciences, and a member of the American Society for Parasitoloy, and Iranian Society for Microbiology and Parasitology. He has published more than 90 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Ad-Hoc reviewer reputed journal.

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Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Alborz University of Medical Sciences
Karaj
Iran

S. Mandal
Department of Microbiology
University of Calcutta
Calcutta
India

G. Bonfiglio (Biography
G. Bonfiglio

Dr. Giovanni Bonfiglio obtained PhD and presently serving at the University of Catania, Department of Microbiological Sciences Catania, Italy. Giovannis’ research interests include Medicine Immunology and Microbiology Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology Decision Sciences Mathematics Social Sciences. Giovanni has contributed more than 58 publications, having citations around 763.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Microbiologiche
Universita degli Studi di Catania
Catania
Italy

D. Harrich (Biography
D. Harrich

Dr. David Harrich obtained his Ph.D. degree in Experimental Pathology from University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, and undertook postdoctoral training at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Centre, Dallas, TX, USA. Dr. Harrich is Group Leader of HIV and Molecular Virology at QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia, where he is a Senior Research Fellow. He has published over 70 papers, most of them on HIV-1 molecular biology and virus replication.

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Division of Infectious Diseases
Queensland Institute of Medical Research Royal Brisbane Hospital
Brisbane
Australia

A. Plyusnin (Biography
A. Plyusnin

Dr. Alexander Plyusnin is currently affiliated with University of Helsinki (Department of Virology), Helsinki, Finland. His skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas of Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Cancer Research, Genetics, Biotechnology, Immunology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Immunochemistry, etc. Dr. Plyusnin, as an author/co-author, has published more than 150 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 5,765.

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Department of Virology
University of Helsinki
Helsinki
Finland


Associate Editorial Board Members:

S. Ansari (Biography
S. Ansari

I received master degree in Clinical Microbiology from Institute of Medicine (IOM, Tribhuvan University), Nepal. I worked as assistant professor in the department of Clinical Microbiology, Chitwan Medical College, Nepal. I focused my interest on antibacterial resistance and within five years published more than 30 research papers in high impact international journals. I also involved in making of guidelines regarding antimicrobial treatment. Recently I was awarded for pursuing PhD in infectious diseases of gastro-intestinal tract by government of Japanese. Currently, I am also active member of several international societies of infectious diseases such as ASM, ESCMID, ISID, IDRN and GAIS.

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Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Oita University
Oita
Japan

F. Khamesipour (Biography
F. Khamesipour

Dr. F. Khamesipour is research scientist in some research center in Iran. His main topics of study and research interests have been parasitology, zoonoses, infectious disease and health policy. He is component of the board of editors of several reputable international and national scientific journals and several scientific societies. Invited reviewer, lead guest editor, past-associate editor and editorial board member in International journals. Participant in National research projects. Dr. Khamesipour has authored over 100 publications, 5 books and numerous international and national conference papers. He has received Outstanding Young Scientist Award.

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School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology
Shiraz University
Shiraz
Iran

J. Mengel (Biography
J. Mengel

Dr. José Mengel earned his M.D. and Ph.D. from the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Following a postdoc at the University of Alabama at Birmingham with Prof. John F. Kearney. He is a senior researcher at the Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC/FIOCRUZ), Brazil and Professor of Immunology at the Faculty of Medicine of Petrópolis, Brazil. His research interests are related to the immunology of host/parasite relationship with an emphasis on immune regulation.

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Laboratory of Clinical immunology
Oswaldo Cruz Institute
Rio de Janeiro, RJ
Brazil

R. Ranjbar (Biography
R. Ranjbar

Prof. Reza Ranjbar is a microbiologist. He completed masters in Medical Microbiology from Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and obtained PhD in Medical Bacteriology from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. At present he is full professor, and chairman of Molecular Biology Research Center, BMSU, Tehran, Iran. His fields of expertise’s are: Molecular epidemiology of bacteria, Molecular detection of bacteria, and Molecular epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance. To date, he has published more than 315 scientific papers.

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Molecular Biology Research Center
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran

R. Taherkhani (Biography
R. Taherkhani

Reza Taherkhani is an assistant professor at Medical Faculty of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. In addition to his teaching position, Taherkhani served as a researcher at Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center. Reza Taherkhani’s main area of research is DNA vaccine development against hepatitis E virus. Reza Taherkhani was born and raised in Tehran, capital of Iran. He obtained his Bachelor of Laboratory Science in Urmia University in 2003, M.Sc. in Medical Virology in 2006 from Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, and Ph.D. in Medical Virology in 2014 from Ahvaz Jondishpoor University of Medical Sciences.

)

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology
Bushehr University of Medical Sciences
Bushehr
Iran

A. Zorgani (Biography
A. Zorgani

Prof. Abdulaziz Zorgani obtained DipBact diploma and MSc degree from the Department of Pathological Sciences at the University of Manchester. He received his PhD degree from the Department of Medical Microbiology at the University of Edinburgh. He has extensive teaching experience in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Tripoli. Most of it focused on teaching medical microbiology and practicing clinical microbiology. During this post, he has published 66 scientific articles; the majority are related to antibiotic resistance and health care associated infection. His interests include: antibiotic resistance, healthcare associated infection, and sterilization and disinfection.

)

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
University of Tripoli
Tripoli
Libya

M. Das (Biography
M. Das

Dr. Mayukh Das received his PhD degree from Jadavpur University in association with Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, India. His doctoral research was focused on medical microbiology, enteric diseases and phage biology. He developed a phage-based biopesticide to control Pierce’s Disease of grapevine during his research as Postdoctoral Research Associate in Texas A&M University. He has obtained several publications, book chapter, patents, award and media releases. He gained extensive experience in microbiology, bacteriology, genomics, phage biology and phage therapy.

)

Department of Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology
Texas A&M University
Bryan, TX
USA

F. Firoozeh (Biography
F. Firoozeh

Dr. Farzaneh Firoozeh is Associate Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. She received her Ph.D from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at University of Tehran and Research Fellow in Japan. She has long experience in the fields of molecular bacteriology, microbiology. She has published more than 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals, has served as an evaluator in many national and international grant applications and as a reviewer in scientific journals.

)

Department of Microbiology
Alborz University of Medical Sciences
Karaj
Iran

D. Nikolic (Biography
D. Nikolic

Dr. Nikolić Dragan M obtained his Ph.D. degree from Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Clinic for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, (Laboratory for pancreatic islets culture), Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade in 2010. He currently involved in various research projects (he is a Research Associate and Research Assistant) in numerous recognized institutes. His research interests are Diabetes, transplantation, pancreatic islets culture, influence of microorganism on the onset of diabetes and human microbiom.

)

Faculty of Medicine
University of Belgrade
Belgrade
Serbia

M. Stukova (Biography
M. Stukova

Marina Stukova, MD, PhD is a head of the laboratory of vectored vaccines in Saint Petersburg Research Institute of Influenza, Russian Ministry of Health. Dr. Stukova is focusing her research, now, in developing and studying influenza vectored vaccines against bacterial and viral diseases including TB and RSV with different routes of vaccine delivery. Dr. Stukova coordinated clinical trials of new influenza vaccines including the LAIV Vaccine Projects, funded by PATH Vaccine Solutions and WHO aimed at establishing a collection of pre-pandemic influenza vaccines which could be used as a basis for vaccine manufacturing in a pandemic situation.

)

Laboratory of vectored vaccines
Research Institute of Influenza
Saint Petersburg
Russia

I. Wiwatanaratanabutr
Department of Plant Production Technology
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang
Bangkok
Thailand












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