The Open Microbiology Journal

ISSN: 1874-2858 ― Volume 14, 2020

Note: Average publication time of 18 days between final acceptance of revised manuscript and its publication


Irina V. Kiseleva (Biography
Irina V. Kiseleva

Dr. Kiseleva obtained her MS in Microbiology from St Petersburg (SPb) State University, RF, PhD in Virology from Institute of Influenza, SPb, RF and DSci in Virology in Institute of Experimental Medicine (IEM), SPb, RF. She holds a position of Section Chief in IEM. She is also a Professor of SPb University, RF. She published over 280 publications including 40 RF patents. Currently she is the Editor-in-Chief of TOMICROJ, published by Bentham Science Publishers.


Department of Virology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
St. Petersburg

Associate Editors:

Thierry Naas (Biography
Thierry Naas

Dr. Thierry Naas is heading a research team of the University Paris Sud on Structure-function studies on emerging antibiotic resistance mechanisms, is an Associate Professor in Medical Microbiology at the University of Paris Sud Medical School, and is heading the French National Reference Center (NRC) for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobactericeae. He has more then 20 years experience working on antibiotic resistance mechanisms and genetics, especially on carbapenem resistance in gram-negatives. He has published more than 200 original scientific works and contributed to the characterization of many clinically relevant ß-lactamases according to several aspects: structure-function, biochemistry, epidemiology and genetics.


Bicetre Hospital
Bacteriology Service
Le Kremlin-Bicetre

Patrick Woo (Biography
Patrick Woo

Woo was Postdoctoral Fellow Medical Research Council Canada and Ballard Fellow OVC University of Guelph. Patrick has been a faculty member University of Guelph since 1974 (Assistant Professor 1974; Associate Professor 1978; and Professor 1984). He was elected Director (2002), Axelrod Institute of Ichthyology; Senate also elected him University Professor Emeritus and it was conferred at convocation (2006) by The Honorable LM Alexander, Chancellor. His research is on parasitic flagellates including those of medical and economic importance. All his research projects and invited presentations were sponsored by national and/or international agencies which allowed him to work and interact with colleagues worldwide.


Department of Integrative Biology
University of Guelph
Guelph, ON

Carlo Torti (Biography
Carlo Torti

Prof. Carlo Torti completed his graduation in medicine (in 1994) from University of Pavia, Italy. Later on, he obtained his specialty in Infectious Diseases (in 2000) from the University of Brescia, Italy. Prof. Torti is currently Director of the Infectious Diseases Unit at University “Magna Graecia”, Catanzaro, Italy. His skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas/fields of Sequencing, Infection, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Immunology of Infectious Diseases, HIV, Immunology, Epidemiology, Immunity, Infectious Diseases, Liver Diseases, Viral Infection, Clinical Epidemiology, Clinical Pharmacokinetics, etc. Prof. Torti, as an author/co-author, has published more than 220 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 5,565.


Unit of Infectious Diseases
University 'Magna Graecia

Section Editor:

(Microbial Pathogenesis)
Irina Vladimirovna Koroleva (Biography
Irina Vladimirovna Koroleva

Irina Koroleva was born in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. She graduated from the State University in Biophysics in 1986. She has been working in the Department of Molecular Microbiology of Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Institute of Experimental Medicine”, as a Senior research scientist since 2010. She has gained valuable research experience through the collaboration with Swedish colleagues during 1993-1995 and 1998 in the Department of Infection Diseases and Medical Microbiology, Lund University, Sweden. She works in the field of Molecular Microbiology. In 2009, she got the diploma of the North-Western branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. She also supervises many graduate works of the students.


Department of Molecular Microbiology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
St. Petersburg

Editorial Board Members:

A.A. Adedeji (Biography
A.A. Adedeji

Prof. Adedeji obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Pharmacology from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He holds fellowships of the American Academy of Project Management and African Technology Policy Studies Network. Currently Prof. Adedeji is also a Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Gitwe Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Rwanda. He has published more than 60 scientific publications and runs a solutions platform for Health, Education and Development innovations. He is a promoter of use of Drosophila model in biomedical research in Africa through DrosAfrica, a seasoned academic manager of higher Institution of learning and research leader.


Department of Pharmacology
Olabisi Onabanjo University

C. Agyare (Biography
C. Agyare

Prof. Agyare obtained his doctorate from University of Muenster, Germany and an alumnus of German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). He obtained his Bachelor o Pharmacy (BPharm) and Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) degrees from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. He has been a post-doctoral fellow at University of California San Francisco, California and the Novartis Institute for Biomedical Research, Boston, USA. He was appointed a Lecturer at KNUST in 2003 and promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2011 and to Associate Professor in 2016. He research areas are search for antimicrobial, wound healing and anti-inflammatory agents from medicinal plants and natural products. He also researches on antibiotic resistance in animals and humans.


Department of Pharmaceutics
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

A.C. Arregui (Biography
A.C. Arregui

Dr. A. Cid Arregui obtained his doctorate in Medicine (MD) and Molecular Biology (PhD) at the Autonomous University of Madrid and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg. Dr. Arregui has more than 20 years of research experience in the field of cancer associated with human Papillomaviruses. Dr. Arregui is currently a group leader in the Tumor Immunology department of the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, Germany.


Translational Immunology
German Cancer Research Center

A. Battistoni (Biography
A. Battistoni

Dr. Andrea Battistoni is a stable member of the Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, since 1993.Dr. Battistoni received his Ph.D. degree in Cellular and Molecular Biology in 1991 from the University of Rome Tor Vergata. He is a co-author of over 100 papers published in international journals indexed by Pub-Med. He is a member of the Editorial Board of various journals, and also is a member of the American Society for Microbiology, the International Biometals Society, the Italian Biochemical Society and the Italian Society for the Study of Cystic Fibrosis.


Department of Biology
University of Rome Tor Vergata

M. Cabello (Biography
M. Cabello

Alfonso Martín Cabello-Vílchez was born in Lima on 07 July 1975. Dr. Alfonso Martín Cabello-Vílchez received his Medical Technologist education in the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH), Instituto de Medicina Topical Alexander von Humboldt (IMT-AvH), Lima-Peru in 2003.He is currently Professor of Medical Parasitology and He has 15 publications in Journal of Microbiology and Parasitology since 2010. He is currently head of the Lab of protists and human pathogenic endosymbionts of IMT-AvH. My research focuses on free-living amoebae and endosymbiotic processes that cause disease in humans. His group is currently interested in developing diagnostic methods for Leprosy and Buruli in South America.


Laboratory of Protozoa and Pathogen Endosymbionts (LPEP)
Institute of Tropical Medicine "Alexander von Humboldt"
Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University

K. Chlichlia (Biography
K. Chlichlia

Dr. Katerina Chlichlia is Associate Professor of Molecular Immunobiology at the Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, Democritus University of Thrace in Alexandroupolis, Greece. She received her PhD from the German Cancer Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy in Heidelberg (1994) and continued for Post-Doctoral studies in Germany. She has long experience in the fields of molecular biology, microbiology and immunology. She received fellowships from DAAD, UICC and DFG. She has published more than 40 articles in peer-reviewed journals, has served as an evaluator in many national and international grant applications and as a reviewer in scientific journals.


Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
Democritus University of Thrace

A. Dmitriev (Biography
A. Dmitriev

Alexander V. Dmitriev obtained PhD degree (1997) and DrSc degree (2004) in Microbiology and Biochemistry at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. He is currently Deputy Director of the Institute of Experimental Medicine and Professor at Saint-Petersburg State University and Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute. He was working in different laboratories in USA, Slovakia, China, Vietnam and Portugal. He has published more than 180 publications. He was awarded by numerous grants and awards including international.


Department of Molecular Microbiology
Institute of Experimental Medicine
St. Petersburg
Russian Federation

S.A. Ghorashi (Biography
S.A. Ghorashi

Dr. Ghorashi is a Senior Lecturer, School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Animal production Group, Charles Sturt University. He is the Editor-in-chief, SciFed Virology Research Journal. He has done a PhD in Microbiology from the James Cook University, Australia. He has more than 65 publications and 4 patents. His areas of research arev Intensive animal production, Population Medicine, Farm Animals, Animal Biotechnology and Introduction to Animal Production. He has performed molecular diagnosis for FMD and AIV in the Veterinary Reference Laboratory. He is also a member of Australian Institute of Medical Scientists.


School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Charles Sturt University
Wagga Wagga

R. Gupta (Biography
R. Gupta

Dr. Reena Gupta obtained her Ph.D. degree (in 1992) with specialization in Biochemistry from Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. Presently, Dr. Gupta is employed as Professor in the Department of Bio-Technology at Himachal Pradesh University, Chandigarh, India. Her skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas/fields of Lipase, Immobilization, Enzymes, Esterification, Bio-catalysis etc. Dr. Gupta, as an author/co-author, has published a number of manuscripts in international journals of good repute.


Department of Biotechnology
Himachal Pradesh University

A. Kumar (Biography
A. Kumar

Presently, Dr. Ashwani Kumar is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany, School of Biological Sciences at Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar India. He obtained his Ph.D. in Biomass and Bioenergy at Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India. His research dealt with plant microbe interaction, plant abiotic stress, bio-energy production, and metagenomics. He has been awarded several National and International Fellowship such as Commonwealth Fellowship, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, Claude Leon Foundation & National Research Foundation Fellowship-South Africa, Durban University of Technology and Rhodes University Postdoctoral Fellowship, Shastri Mobility Program fellowship for Canada (2018-19). He is associated with several journals as Editorial Board member and as a reviewer. He is life member of National Institute of Ecology, Biotech Research Society of India, and International Society of Environmental Botanists, and Affiliate member of Microbiology Society and CEM, IUCN. He has published more than 45 Peer reviewed articles in high impact journals with Google scholar citation of 2518, 15 Book chapters and presented his research in 35 Conferences.


Department of Botany
School of Biological Sciences at. Dr. Harisingh Gour University

S. Mandal (Biography
S. Mandal

Dr. Sukhendu Mandal, M.S., Ph.D., is currently an Assistant Professor, in the Department of Microbiology, at University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India. His research interests mainly lie in the subject areas/fields of environmental microbiology, antibiotic discovery, gene regulation in bacteria, cell imaging, plant microbe interactions, DNA-Protein interactions, antibiotic resistance, etc. Dr. Mandal, as an author/co-author, has published more than 60 articles in various journals, having over 575 total citations.


Department of Microbiology
University of Calcutta

J.R.G.G Mesquita (Biography
J.R.G.G Mesquita

João R. Mesquita (Mesquita JR) obtained his DVM in 2006 (University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro) and his PhD in 2012 (University of Porto). He has been teaching at the Agrarian Superior School of Viseu (ESAV), Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (IPV) for the past 10 years, mainly on the topics of Infectious Diseases. He currently holds the position of Adjunct Professor and has published more than 40 articles in virology.


Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute
University of Porto

G. Piatti (Biography
G. Piatti

Dr. Piatti is an Assistant professor at the Faculty of Medicine of Genoa. In 2000 she obtained a Diploma of Specialization in Hematology at the University of Genoa. Her field field of interests include microbial pathogenicity, bacterial in particular. In 1994 she was awarded a scholarship to combat AIDS convened by open competition based on qualifications and interview by Institute of Health, Ministry of Health. She has more than 20 publications. She is registered in the Register of Physicians and Surgeons of the Province of Genoa.


San Marino Hospital
University of Genoa

D.D. Singh (Biography
D.D. Singh

Dr. Desh Deepak is an Associate Professor at Amity institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Rajasthan. He completed his graduation from Feroj Gandhi College, Raebareli. He further obtained PhD in 2008 from Institute of Biomedical Sciences , BU Campus. His field of specialization is Medical Biotechnology. He has also been recognized with awards such as Young Scientist of India Award, Bharat Vidya Gaurav Award, Star of Asia Award, and Young Investigator Award. He is also a member of different organizing committee such as Indian Academy of Biomedical Sciences, Association for the Virological Society of India, Association for the promotion of DNA fingerprinting and other technologies, Hyderabad and Association Proteomics Society, Hyderabad.


Amity institute of Biotechnology
Amity University Rajasthan

H. Shojaei (Biography
H. Shojaei

Dr. Hasan Shojaei is currently a Professor at the Department of Microbiology, Medical school & Infectious Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. He did his MSc in Medical Microbiology from University of Medical Sciences, Tehran in 1990. He obtained his PhD in Molecular Microbial Systematics from the Department of Microbiology, University of Newcastle, United Kingdom in 1997.


Department of Microbiology
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

M. Taherikalani (Biography
M. Taherikalani

Morovat Taherikalani is a Professor in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center at Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, where he has been since 2015. From 2008 to 2018, he served as Department Chair of Medical Microbiology at Ilam University of Medical Sciences. He received a B.S. in Laboratory Sciences in 2001 form Tabriz University, and an M.S. and PhD in Medical Microbiology from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2004 and 2008 respectively.


Department of Medical Microbiology
Lorestan University of Medical Sciences

G. Tachedjian (Biography
G. Tachedjian

Professor Gilda Tachedjian received her Ph.D. degree in Microbiology in 1997 from Monash University, Victoria, Australia. In 2002, Prof. Tachedjian was recruited to Burnet Institute, where she performed key roles of Head, Molecular Interactions Group (2003-2010) and Head, Retroviral Biology and Antivirals Laboratory (2011). Now, since 2017, she is the Head of Life Sciences at this same institute. Prof. Tachedjian’s current research interests include identification of novel RT inhibitors, and development of topical microbicides to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. She has been involved in the publication of over 75 articles in various international journals.


Centre for Virology Macfarlane
Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health

M. Zibaei (Biography
M. Zibaei

Prof. Mohammad Zibaei has completed his Ph.D at the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Medical Parasitology and Research Fellowship Course in the Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences in Immunoparasitology (2006-2007), Kobe, Japan. He is currently as professor of parasitology in the Department of Parasitology and Mycology at Alborz University of Medical Sciences, and a member of the American Society for Parasitoloy, and Iranian Society for Microbiology and Parasitology. He has published more than 90 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Ad-Hoc reviewer reputed journal.


Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Alborz University of Medical Sciences

D. Harrich (Biography
D. Harrich

Dr. David Harrich obtained his Ph.D. degree in Experimental Pathology from University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, and undertook postdoctoral training at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Centre, Dallas, TX, USA. Dr. Harrich is Group Leader of HIV and Molecular Virology at QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia, where he is a Senior Research Fellow. He has published over 70 papers, most of them on HIV-1 molecular biology and virus replication.


Division of Infectious Diseases
Queensland Institute of Medical Research Royal Brisbane Hospital

A. Plyusnin (Biography
A. Plyusnin

Dr. Alexander Plyusnin is currently affiliated with University of Helsinki (Department of Virology), Helsinki, Finland. His skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas of Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Cancer Research, Genetics, Biotechnology, Immunology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Immunochemistry, etc. Dr. Plyusnin, as an author/co-author, has published more than 150 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 5,765.


Department of Virology
University of Helsinki

F. Afrin (Biography
F. Afrin

Dr. Farhat Afrin received Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India. She served Department of Biotechnology, Hamdard University, New Delhi, India for 16 years. She also worked at National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA and Centre for Immunology and Infection, University of York, UK. She is a recipient of several honors including American Association of Immunologists Young Faculty Travel Grant, Commonwealth Academic Staff fellowship. Her research interest is parasite immunology with emphasis on Leishmania immunotherapeutics. She has published over 55 papers in Journals of International repute and is an Academic Editor, Editorial Board member and reviewer of several Journals.


Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences
Taibah University
Saudi Arabia

M.J. Ahsan (Biography
M.J. Ahsan

Dr. Mohamed Jawed Ahsan received B. Pharmacy (2005) and M. Pharmacy (2007) from Jamia Hamdard (University), New Delhi. He received Ph.D. (2012) from Nims University, Jaipur. Currently, he is working as Head, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Maharishi Arvind College of Pharmacy, Jaipur, India. He has a remarkable research profile in the area of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, and published more than 60 articles in peer reviewed Journals of International repute. Dr. Mohamed Jawed Ahsan has supervised more than 33 M. Pharmacy students. He is referee for various international journals viz; ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, etc.


Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Maharishi Arvind College of Pharmacy

A.M. Awan (Biography
A.M. Awan

Dr. Abdul Matin received his PhD from University of London followed by a Postdoctoral Fellowship from School of Medicine, Southampton University Hospital, UK. His research interests include epidemiology and pathogenic mechanism of emerging parasitic diseases with special interest on role of Blood-brain barrier in CNS infections. He is recipient of various international and national awards, honors and grants including MRS “The Best Researcher in the UK specialty award and prize” at Royal College of Physicians, London, UK in 2007. Dr. Matin is currently Associate Professor at Majmaah University, KSA. He has published more than 32 research articles in reputed journals and is serving as an editorial board member and reviewer for various international and national reputed journals and funding agencies.


Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences
Majmaah University
Al Majma'ah
Saudi Arabia

Y. Belyi (Biography
Y. Belyi

Yury Belyi obtained his doctorate degrees (PhD and Doctor of Science) in 1987 and 1999 respectively in the field of Microbiology at the Gamaleya research Institute, Moscow, Russia. He studied virulence factors of human pathogens with special interest in bacterial toxins and effectors of Type 4 secretion system. Currently Dr. Belyi holds a position of a Head of the Department of Bacterial infections at the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology in Moscow, Russia. He has prepared more than 50 scientific papers and has written a monograph “Intracellular parasitism of microorganisms” published in 1996 by Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX.


Deptartment of Bacterial Infections
Gamaleya Research Centre
Russian Federation

A. Cara (Biography
A. Cara

Dr. Andrea Cara, Ph.D., is a Researcher at Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy, and holds a Research Scholar position in the Department of Medicine at Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. During his career, he spent 7 years at the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, MD, USA, and 3 years at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA. Dr. Cara, as an author/co-author, has published more than 75 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 3,330.


Department of Drug Research and Evaluation
Higher Institute of Health

M. H. Dehghani (Biography
M. H. Dehghani

Professor Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani (PhD) is a Full Professor at the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran, IRAN. His scientific research interests include the Environmental Health Science, Microbiology of Water and Wastewater. He is the author of various research studies published at national and international journals, conference proceedings and Head of several research project at the TUMS. He has authored 8 books and more than 170 full papers published in peer- reviewed journals. He is an editorial board member and reviewer in many internal and international journals and is member of several international science committees around the world. He has supervisor and advisor PhD and MSc theses at the TUMS. He is currently also member of the Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH) and member of the Institute for Environmental Research (IER) at the TUMS.


Department of Environmental Health Engineering
Tehran University of Medical Sciences

F. Fiorito (Biography
F. Fiorito

Dr. Filomena Fiorito is currently a Post-Doc Fellow, at Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici (Naples), Italy. She did M.Sc. in Pharmaceutical chemistry and Pharmacy from University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Italy in 1995 and 1996. She obtained her Ph.D. in Environmental Biology, Pathology and Hygiene in Veterinary Medicine from University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy in 2005. Dr. Fiorito has numerous awards/honors and internationally recognized scientific publications to her credit.


Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production
University of Naples "Federico II”

A. Giongo (Biography
A. Giongo

Dr. Giongo is a microbial ecologist with Ph.D. in Genetics and Molecular Biology (Brazil, 2007) and Post doctorate in Microbial Ecology (University of Florida, USA, 2008-2011). She is Visiting Professor of the Environmental Engineering Graduate Program at FURB (Brazil). Her research projects include the knowledge of the microbial communities associated with different environmental samples and the influence on the atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere. She has published more than 40 scientific articles in international journals.


Post-Graduate Program in Environmental Engineering
Regional University of Blumenau

Y. Ji (Biography
Y. Ji

Yinduo Ji obtained his Ph.D. from the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine (current Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention) in Beijing. He did his postdoctoral training in the Department of Microbiology at the University of Minnesota. Currently Dr. Ji is a Professor of Microbiology in the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at the University of Minnesota. He has more than 70 scientific publications and serves as Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editor, or Editorial Board Member for multiple peer-reviewed journals. His research focuses on the molecular and cellular pathogenesis of S. aureus, functional genomics, and antibacterial drug discovery.


Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, MN

B. Lei (Biography
B. Lei

Dr. Benfang Lei obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Biochemistry from the University of Houston, Houston, Texas. Currently Dr. Lei is an Associate Professor at Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. He has published more than 70 scientific publications. He has been on the Editorial Board of this journal since 2007.


Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology
Montana State University
Bozeman, MT

E. Martinez-Romero (Biography
E. Martinez-Romero

Dr. Martinez got PhD in 1885. She has presently been serving as a Professor and Researcher at the Genomic Science Center, National University of Mexico. She has been recognized with many awards and honors such as Prize of Science from the Mexican Academy of Sciences in 1996, Award to Young Scientists from the National University of Mexico in 1996, Award from the National Research Council as “The Best Student of Mexico” and Woman of the Year for Mexico by the American Biogeographical Institute in 2008. She has contributed more than 300 publications, having citations around 10,367.


Genomic Science Center
National University of Mexico
Mexico City

C. Palma (Biography
C. Palma

Dr. Carla Palma obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Medical Microbiology and immunology from the University of “Tor Vergata” Rome, Italy. Currently Dr. Palma is a Researcher in the Department of Infectious Diseases of Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Italian National Institute of Health), Rome, Italy. She has published more than 50 scientific publications.


Department of Infectious
Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Higher Institute of Health

R. Raja (Biography
R. Raja

Dr. Rathinam Raja pursued his Ph.D., in microalgae at University of Madras during 2004. He did his Post-Doctoral Fellowships at Taiwan, South Korea, IIT Madras and worked as a Lead Scientist at Aquatic Energy LLC, Louisiana, USA. Currently, working as an Assistant Researcher at University of the Algarve, Portugal. He has 21 international peer reviewed publications, 10 book chapters, membership in several scientific international bodies and serving as an Editor in Chief, Associate Editor, Editorial Board member in many journals. Being a Scientist, he has presented his research articles in several conferences/symposium at Belgium, Denmark, Dubai, France, Germany, Hungary, Malaysia, Morocco, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, The Netherlands (Holland) and USA.


Centre for Mediterranean Bioresources and Food
University of Algarve

A. Shehabi (Biography
A. Shehabi

Dr. Asem Shehabi is a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Consultant in Diagnostic Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. Dr. Shehabi graduated from the University of Kiel, Germany in 1972 with a Doctorate degree in Medical Sciences/ Medical Microbiology. Dr. Shehabi has published 97 research papers in peer-reviewed journals up till now, 2 Microbiology Books in Arabic, more than 300 articles and studies in both Arabic and English; covering all aspects of medical microbiology and human infectious diseases especially antimicrobial resistance. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of The International Arabic Journal of Antimicrobial Agents,


Department of Pathology Microbiology and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
University of Jordan

A. Tabll (Biography
A. Tabll

Dr. Ashraf Tabll did B.Sc. from faculty of science (Damietta) Mansoura University and M.Sc. in chemistry from faculty of science, Menofia University in 1990 and 1997 respectively. Later in 2001, he did PhD in Biochemistry from faculty of Science, Cairo University. Dr. Tabll has a good experience in establishment of cell lines producing of mouse monoclonal antibodies for immunodiagnosis by hybridoma technology and establishment of human cell lines producing of human monoclonal antibodies for immunotherapy by EBV immortalization of B lymphocytes. Dr. Tabll published more than 50 international articles.


Department of Microbial Biotechnology
National Research Center

T.R. Tong (Biography
T.R. Tong

Prof. Tong obtained his medical degrees (M.B.,B.S., MD) from the University of Hong Kong and the University of the State of New York. He is American Board of Pathology-certified and fellowship-trained at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. He is an Adjunct Professor of Pathology at City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center and a consultant at University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital. He has published dozens of peer-reviewed scientific articles, owns 4 U.S. patents and is a co-inventor in a pending U.S. patent application. He is on the editorial board of multiple journals, including this journal, published by Bentham Science Publishers.


Department of Pathology
University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital

A. Vallejo (Biography
A. Vallejo

As molecular biologist I initiated my research career in the field of HTLV infections, and epidemiologic research on HIV. Once obtained my PhD degree in 1993, I moved to the Food and Drug Administration, Maryland, USA, with a post-doctoral position working on molecular epidemiology of HTLV and HIV. In 2000, I returned to Spain to join the Immunovirology Laboratory at Virgen del Rocío Hospital, Seville, and focused on immune recovery of HIV-1-infected patients. I then moved to Ramon y Cajal Hospital at Madrid to follow my research on HIV-1 immunopathology and continuing the research on HTLV-1/2 infections.


Infectious Diseases Department
Ramon y Cajal University Hospital

G. Bonfiglio (Biography
G. Bonfiglio

Dr. Giovanni Bonfiglio, received his Medical Doctor degree in 1987 at the University of Catania Italy. He received his doctorate (Ph.D) in Medical Microbiology at the University of Milan (Italy) in 1992 and in 1999 he did specialization in Medical Microbiology at the University of Catania. From 1990 to 1993 he worked as a researcher at The London Hospital Medical College in London (UK), and from 1993 to 2006 at the University of Catania (Italy). Currently, Dr. Bonfiglio is Director of the Clinical and Functional Research Laboratory at the GB Morgagni Clinic in Catania, Italy. He has published more than 100 scientific publications in the field of Medical Microbiology.


Department of Microbiological Sciences
University of Catania

A. Mengoni (Biography
A. Mengoni

Dr. A. Mengoni has obtained PhD and currently working at ENEA-Bologna, Italy. Mengoni does research in Nuclear Physics. Mengoni’s skills and expertise are in Data Analysis, Energy, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Measurement, Radioactivity, Detectors, Experimental Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Structure, Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Reactions, Nuclear Astrophysics and Nuclear Chemistry. Mengoni has contributed more than 387 publications, having citations around 3539.


Department of Biology
University of Florence

A. Segura (Biography
A. Segura

Dr. A. Segura has obtained PhD and currently working at the Experimental Station of Zaidín, Spanish National Research Council. Ana’s research interests include Immunology and Microbiology Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology Agricultural and Biological Sciences Chemical Engineering Environmental Science Medicine Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics Engineering. Ana has contributed more than 74 publications, having citations around 3026.


Department of Environmental Protection Superior Council for Scientific
Research Experimental Station Zaidín

Associate Editorial Board Members:

S. Ansari (Biography
S. Ansari

I received master degree in Clinical Microbiology from Institute of Medicine (IOM, Tribhuvan University), Nepal. I worked as assistant professor in the department of Clinical Microbiology, Chitwan Medical College, Nepal. I focused my interest on antibacterial resistance and within five years published more than 30 research papers in high impact international journals. I also involved in making of guidelines regarding antimicrobial treatment. Recently I was awarded for pursuing PhD in infectious diseases of gastro-intestinal tract by government of Japanese. Currently, I am also active member of several international societies of infectious diseases such as ASM, ESCMID, ISID, IDRN and GAIS.


Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Oita University

M. Das (Biography
M. Das

Dr. Mayukh Das received his PhD degree from Jadavpur University in association with Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, India. His doctoral research was focused on medical microbiology, enteric diseases and phage biology. He developed a phage-based biopesticide to control Pierce’s Disease of grapevine during his research as Postdoctoral Research Associate in Texas A&M University. He has obtained several publications, book chapter, patents, award and media releases. He gained extensive experience in microbiology, bacteriology, genomics, phage biology and phage therapy.


Department of Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology
Texas A&M University
College Station, TX

C. Genovese (Biography
C. Genovese

Carlo Genovese currently is Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Drug Sciences, University of Catania (Italy). From 2016 to 2018, he was Research Collaborator at IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, BioBIM – Interinstitutional Multidisciplinary BioBank, Rome (Italy). From 2012 to 2015, he was Research Fellow at Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases - University of Rome “Sapienza” (Italy). In 2011, he received his Ph.D. degree in Microbiology at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery and in 2007 he completed Undergraduate studies in Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Technologies (University of Catania). He is Member of the American Society for Microbiology since 2009.


Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences
University of Catania

F. Khamesipour (Biography
F. Khamesipour

Dr. F. Khamesipour is research scientist in some research center in Iran. His main topics of study and research interests have been parasitology, zoonoses, infectious disease and health policy. He is component of the board of editors of several reputable international and national scientific journals and several scientific societies. Invited reviewer, lead guest editor, past-associate editor and editorial board member in International journals. Participant in National research projects. Dr. Khamesipour has authored over 100 publications, 5 books and numerous international and national conference papers. He has received Outstanding Young Scientist Award.


School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology
Shiraz University

J. Mengel (Biography
J. Mengel

Dr. José Mengel earned his M.D. and Ph.D. from the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Following a postdoc at the University of Alabama at Birmingham with Prof. John F. Kearney. He is a senior researcher at the Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC/FIOCRUZ), Brazil and Professor of Immunology at the Faculty of Medicine of Petrópolis, Brazil. His research interests are related to the immunology of host/parasite relationship with an emphasis on immune regulation.


Laboratory of Clinical immunology
Oswaldo Cruz Institute
Rio de Janeiro, RJ

M. Shaaban (Biography
M. Shaaban

Dr. Mona Shaaban is an associate professor at the department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. She obtained Ph.D. at Mansoura University, Egypt through joint scholarship with University of Wisconsin Madison, USA. Dr. Mona has published research and review articles in international reputed journals. Invited reviewer, and editorial board member in international journals. Most of the research focus is on inhibition of quorum sensing as anti-pathogenic approach to eliminate bacterial virulence and toxins, mechanisms of microbial resistance and development of nanoparticles to compete bacterial resistance and virulence.


Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Faculty of Pharmacy
Mansoura University

M. Stukova (Biography
M. Stukova

Marina Stukova, MD, PhD is a head of the laboratory of vectored vaccines in Saint Petersburg Research Institute of Influenza, Russian Ministry of Health. Dr. Stukova is focusing her research, now, in developing and studying influenza vectored vaccines against bacterial and viral diseases including TB and RSV with different routes of vaccine delivery. Dr. Stukova coordinated clinical trials of new influenza vaccines including the LAIV Vaccine Projects, funded by PATH Vaccine Solutions and WHO aimed at establishing a collection of pre-pandemic influenza vaccines which could be used as a basis for vaccine manufacturing in a pandemic situation.


Laboratory of vectored vaccines
Research Institute of Influenza
St. Petersburg

I. Wiwatanaratanabutr (Biography
I. Wiwatanaratanabutr

Dr. Itsanun Wiwatanaratanabutr obtained his Ph.D. degree (in 2006) in Biology (International Program) from the Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Thailand. Dr. Wiwatanaratanabutr is currently employed as an Assistant Professor, in the Department of Plant Production Technology (Faculty of Agricultural Technology), at King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. His research expertise lies in the subject areas/fields of Molecular Biology, Biology, Genetics, Microbiology, Entomology, and Vector and Pest Control. Dr. Wiwatanaratanabutr, as an author/co-author, has published a number of articles in various journals of international repute.


Department of Plant Production Technology
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang

A. Aygan (Biography
A. Aygan

Professor Dr. Ashabil AYGAN holds the position as a professor in Biology Department at the University of Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam, Turkey. Graduated from Selcuk University and obtained MSc. Degree from University of Manchester, UK and PhD degree from Cukurova University, Turkey. He has been associated with various research projects along with lecturing. His current studies focused on Microbial –molecular Biotechnology, Microbial Enzymology and Antimicrobial agents etc.


Department of Biology
Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam University

F. Firoozeh (Biography
F. Firoozeh

Dr. Farzaneh Firoozeh is Associate Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. She received her Ph.D from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at University of Tehran and Research Fellow in Japan. She has long experience in the fields of molecular bacteriology, microbiology. She has published more than 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals, has served as an evaluator in many national and international grant applications and as a reviewer in scientific journals.


Department of Microbiology
Alborz University of Medical Sciences

S. Kaur (Biography
S. Kaur

Dr. Sandeep Kaur received her graduation and post-graduation in Microbiology (Hons. School) from Panjab University, Chandigarh. After completion of her MSc., she served at the post of Research Associate (anti-infective area) at Panacea Biotec Ltd. (Drug Discovery) for 5.6 years. She was awarded the CSIR- Senior Research Fellowship and completed her Ph.D with specialization in Medical Microbiology from Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. She is presently serving as Assistant Professor, MCM DAV College for Women, Chandigarh. Dr. Kaur’s research work has been focused on studying the anti-infective potential of phage therapy against treatment of bacterial infections caused by resistant strains. She has been involved in developing novel phage based solutions, cocktails and formulations to treat skin and wound infections, diabetic foot ulcers, implant infections followed by their testing in murine models. Her work has been acknowledged in leading newspaper “The Hindu (Sci-Tech)”. She has till date published a total of 13 publications and one book chapter. Besides teaching, she is actively involved in promoting and supervising undergraduate research on topics of societal and health relevance.


Department of Food Science
MCM DAV College for Women

S. Kumar (Biography
S. Kumar

Dr. S. Suresh Kumar has completed his Bachelors and Ph.D in Microbiology. He is currently working as an Associate Professor at the Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. His research interests focuses on host pathogen interactions, stem cells with infectious diseases, infectious diseases in tuberculosis, dengue and leptospirosis, bio-macromolecules, yeast genetics, fermentation and purification of microbial drugs and enzymes, stem cell niches and induced pluripotent stem cells. So far, he has published nearly 155 international publications. He has many of International research collaboration with various countries including Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, India, Saudi Arabia and Italy.


Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology
University Putra Malaysia
Seri Kembangan

R. Ranjbar (Biography
R. Ranjbar

Prof. Reza Ranjbar is a microbiologist. He completed masters in Medical Microbiology from Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and obtained PhD in Medical Bacteriology from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. At present he is full professor, and chairman of Molecular Biology Research Center, BMSU, Tehran, Iran. His fields of expertise’s are: Molecular epidemiology of bacteria, Molecular detection of bacteria, and Molecular epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance. To date, he has published more than 315 scientific papers.


Molecular Biology Research Center
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

R.M. Shaapan (Biography
R.M. Shaapan

Raafat Mohamed Shaapan., PhD is a Professor of epidemiology and zoonotic diseases at Zoonotic Disease Department, National Research Centre, Egypt. Dr. Shaapan has have over 80 scientific papers and projects either presented or published. He is an internationally recognized expert in many areas of Epidemiology and Zoonosis including infectious diseases. He is regularly sought after and requested lecturer at the majority of major medical schools and National Medical Symposiums throughout the Egypt and Arab Countries, and also, he is international reviewer, associate and technical editor for a group of specialized international scientific journals of veterinary medicine, infectious diseases and epidemiology.


Department of Zoonotic Diseases
National Research Center

R. Taherkhani (Biography
R. Taherkhani

Reza Taherkhani is an assistant professor at Medical Faculty of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. In addition to his teaching position, Taherkhani served as a researcher at Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center. Reza Taherkhani’s main area of research is DNA vaccine development against hepatitis E virus. Reza Taherkhani was born and raised in Tehran, capital of Iran. He obtained his Bachelor of Laboratory Science in Urmia University in 2003, M.Sc. in Medical Virology in 2006 from Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, and Ph.D. in Medical Virology in 2014 from Ahvaz Jondishpoor University of Medical Sciences.


Department of Microbiology and Parasitology
Bushehr University of Medical Sciences

A. Zorgani (Biography
A. Zorgani

Prof. Abdulaziz Zorgani obtained DipBact diploma and MSc degree from the Department of Pathological Sciences at the University of Manchester. He received his PhD degree from the Department of Medical Microbiology at the University of Edinburgh. He has extensive teaching experience in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Tripoli. Most of it focused on teaching medical microbiology and practicing clinical microbiology. During this post, he has published 66 scientific articles; the majority are related to antibiotic resistance and health care associated infection. His interests include: antibiotic resistance, healthcare associated infection, and sterilization and disinfection.


Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
University of Tripoli

Executive Guest Editors:

S. Kaur (Biography
S. Kaur

Dr. Sandeep Kaur is a Professor in the Department of Food Science, MCM DAV College for Women, Chandigarh, India. Dr. Kaur obtained her Ph.D. degree (Medical Microbiology) in 2015 from Panjab University (P.U.), Chandigarh, India. Her work focuses on Medical as well as Food Microbiology and Biotechnology Immunology stream. Dr. Kaur has authored more than 265 peer-reviewed articles in leading international journals.


Department of Food Science
MCM DAV College for Women

P. Ramasamy (Biography
P. Ramasamy

Prof. P. Ramasamy has stupendous academic and scientific records with more than 35 years of research experience. He has held academic/administrative positions such as a Vice Chancellor, Chairman, School of Life Sciences, Professor and Head of the Dept. He has obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Madras in 1983. He was a Post-Doctoral fellow (1982-84), Honorary Research Fellow (1993-1995, 1998- 2000) at the Queen’s University of Belfast, Northern Ireland, U.K., and “Department of Biotechnology National Research Associate (1990-91)” at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He has a significant number of research publications, reviews and books. He has made noteworthy contributions on “viral, bacterial and fungal diseases, parasitic diseases, bio-nano-materials, antimicrobials, and phage therapy”. He has taken a patent on a novel anti-viral agent from a plant and a process for the preparation of the said agent, besides filing and publishing 6 other patents.


Sree Balaji MedicalCollege and Hospital
Bharath University

S. Ramakrishnan (Biography
S. Ramakrishnan

Dr. Srinivasan Ramakrishnan obtained his M.Sc. (Ag.) in Agri. Microbiology from the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, and Ph.D. in Microbiology from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. He served as an Assistant Professor in CDFST, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, from 2007 to 2012, and currently working as a Senior Scientist in ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi. His area of specialization is Agricultural and Soil Microbiology and he is working on stress-tolerant inoculants bioformulations, PGPR for abiotic stress tolerance in plants, microbes for soil health, and nanotechnology applications in agriculture. He is a life member of nine professional societies and a recipient of six awards. He has guided eight masters and one Ph.D. students.


ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute

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