The Open AIDS Journal




ISSN: ― Volume ,
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Longitudinal Analysis of HIV Disclosure Intention: The Implication of Duration of Diagnosis Knowledge and CD4 Counts Among Asymptomatic Treatment-seeking People Living with HIV/AIDS



A. O. Olaseni1, *
1 Department of Psychology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction:

The spate of non-disclosure among individuals diagnosed with Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus and Acquired-Immune-Deficiency-Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has continually been a primary global concern, especially in developing countries. Meta-analysis findings in Nigeria reported poor disclosure rates of 12.5% - 39.5%, which were far below the average disclosure benchmark of 79.0% standard stipulated for developing nations by the World Health Organization. There is no consensus regarding the roles of CD4 counts in disclosure intention. In Nigeria, there is a paucity of literature providing detailed understanding of the predictors of disclosure intention by the duration of diagnosis knowledge and CD4 counts.

Methods:

This study, therefore, investigated the implication of duration of diagnosis knowledge and CD4 counts in the prediction of HIV disclosure intention among people seeking HIV treatment. Longitudinal survey research designs were adopted. 390 participants were purposively selected to respond to HIV Self-Disclosure Intention Index (α=0.92), while information on CD4 counts and Duration of Diagnosis Knowledge was obtained from the selected respondents’ case files periodically. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to analyze data at 0.05. Respondents’ mean age was 39.5±10.5 years.

Results:

Findings revealed that the duration of diagnosis knowledge and CD4 counts interactively predicted the outcome of disclosure intention among treatment-seeking PLHIV. (χ2= 12.78, df = 2, p < 0.001) and further showed that the likelihood of disclosing HIV positive status increases by 13% between Time 1 (OR = -0.49, p < 0.01; 95%CI = 01.14-12.74) and Time 2 (OR = -0.36, p < 0.05; 95%CI = 01.11-10.93). Increase in CD4 counts was also found to increase the likelihood of HIV self-disclosure by 15% between Time 1 (OR = - 0.84, p < 0.01; 95%CI = 01.09-03.06) and Time 2 (OR = - 0.99, p < 0.01; 95%CI = 00.29-03.06).

Conclusion:

It was concluded that the duration of diagnosis knowledge and CD4 counts have significant implications in determining the intention to disclose HIV positive status. The study limitations and recommendations were further discussed.

Keywords: AIDS/HIV, CD4 T-Cells, Duration of diagnosis knowledge, Disclosure intention, Treatment-seeking PLHIV, Binomial logistic regression.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
First Page: 84
Last Page: 89
Publisher Id: TOAIDJ-14-84
DOI: 10.2174/1874613602014010084

Article History:

Received Date: 20/04/2020
Revision Received Date: 04/08/2020
Acceptance Date: 06/08/2020
Electronic publication date: 20/10/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Abyomi Olaseni

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Psychology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria; E-mail: olaseni.ao@unilorin.edu.ng



Track Your Manuscript:


Endorsements



"Publishing with Bentham Open was a great experience. The timeliness and communication were outstanding. I am hopeful that I will have the opportunity to publish with Bentham Open again in the future."


Dr. Daniel B. Chastain
Pharm.D., AAHIVP, Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Infectious Diseases, Phoebe Health, USA


SCImago Journal Ranking

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2020 Bentham Open